CORONA CASES IN USA-JUNE 8

CORONA CASES IN USA-JUNE 8

Today's coronavirus update: Unemployment soars, virus not ...

Last updated: June 08, 2020, 08:54 GMT

tn us flag United States

Corona virus Cases:

2,007,449

Deaths:

112,469

Recovered:

761,708

Coronavirus USA news summary: cases and deaths - 2 May - AS.com

More than 1,953,100 people in the United States have been infected with the corona virus and at least 110,400 have died, according to a New York Times database. This map shows where the number of new cases is rising and where it is falling in the last 14 days.

United States - Covid-19 - Immigration update

Mayor Bill de Blasio said New York City is within parameters regarding its Covid-19 data to proceed as planned with their phase one reopening on Monday.

The statewide thresholds to enter phase one include having less than 200 people admitted to hospitals per day, to have under 375 intensive care unit patients across the city, and to have less than 15% of city residents testing positive for Covid-19.

USA Archery Response on COVID-19

As of Sunday, NYC hospitals have admitted 72 people due to Covid-19, 324 people remain in ICUs, and 4% of the city is currently testing positive for Covid-19, de Blasio said.

As tens of thousands of people defied lock down restrictions to protest George Floyd’s death on Saturday, the number of corona virus deaths in the United States surpassed 110,000 Saturday, according to NBC News’ accounting of virus data.

The nation has seen 1,916,237 cases and 110,041 deaths related to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the data. The global death toll crossed 400,000, according to John Hopkins University statistics.

Elsewhere India reported 9,971 new cases Sunday in another biggest single-day spike and has now surpassed Spain as the fifth hardest-hit by the pandemic with 246,628 confirmed cases and 6,929 fatalities.

COVID-19 latest global updates March 29: Worldwide toll crosses ...

Fears continue to mount over the growing number of cases in Latin America, particularly Brazil where almost 673,000 cases have been recorded and over 36,000 people have died, according to John Hopkins University data.

Voter disapproval of Donald Trump’s handling of the George Floyd protests and the Covid-19 pandemic, plus the accompanying economic meltdown, have undoubtedly hurt the president’s re-election chances.

But it’s unclear whether the damage is fatal. Could Trump, despite everything, still stage a comeback and beat the Democratic nominee, Joe Biden?

Things are looking bad for Trump right now. His job approval rating has dipped sharply in recent days. Based on an average of 12 polls taken since 25 May the day Floyd was killed, it stands at about 43%, with 54% disapproving.

Trump’s loyalist “base” is said to comprise 25-30% of voters. The remainder of the 46% who backed him in 2016 will not necessarily do so again. There are signs that key voter groups are less committed – or more fiercely opposed.

A recent survey of white Christian evangelicals showed a 15% drop in support for Trump support. Among white Catholics, it dropped by 27%.Many white suburban women deserted the Republicans in the 2018 mid-terms. 

5e90a36dd5873a51a5113e25 | News and Events in Abuja and around Nigeria

This group may be further alienated by the health crisis, economic uncertainty, and Trump’s divisiveness.

 Older voters suffering the brunt of the pandemic are said to feel abandoned while the electorate as whole is getting younger. And for the first time, a third of eligible voters are non-white.

Revived fury over racial injustice may galvanism the black vote – a crucial 12.5% of the electorate – against the president. In 2016, black turnout declined for the first time in 20 years.

Biden’s appeal among African-Americans, demonstrated in the primaries, could reverse that trend and provide winning margins in swing states. Among all voters, Biden’s current lead is 11%.

Yet Trump has been written off before. He has the advantage of incumbency and an enormous war chest. He plays dirty. By autumn, the economy may have revived, and the pandemic subsided. And gaffe-prone Biden carries much baggage.

The protests may have scared as many Middle America voters as they energized. Nobody knows how Trump’s Nixonian appeals to the “silent majority” and “law and order” will play in Peoria.

One thing is certain: he’s a long way from beaten.

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COVID-19 “CASE AGAINST TRUMP”

COVID-19 “CASE AGAINST TRUMP”

Factbox: Seven House Democrats to Argue Impeachment Case Against ...

COVID-19 “CASE AGAINST TRUMP” :- US civil rights groups on Thursday filed a case suing President Donald Trump after security forces fired pepper balls and smoke bombs to clear peaceful demonstrators outside the White House.

Law enforcement officers forced protesters back before Trump walked to a nearby church for a photo op on Monday that divided the United States amid nationwide protests over police brutality.

The National Review's Case Against Trump | On Point

The American Civil Liberties Union and other groups accused the president and top officials of violating the constitutional rights of Black Lives Matters campaigners and individual protesters.

“Police conducted a coordinated and unprovoked charge into the crowd of demonstrators and deployed several rounds of chemical irritants, rubber bullets, and sound cannons,” the ACLU said.

St John’s Episcopal church is across the street from Lafayette Park, which faces the White House and has been the focus of protests in Washington.The church was defaced with graffiti and damaged in a fire during demonstrations on Sunday night.

In public hearing, Judiciary committee lays out its case against ...

Trump posed with a Bible outside the building after vowing to dispatch thousands of heavily armed soldiers to stop rioting.Protesters have taken to the streets across the US in recent days to voice anger over the killing of African American George Floyd by Minnesota police.

The president’s “frankly criminal attack on protesters because he disagreed with their views shakes the foundation of our nation’s constitutional order,” said Scott Michelman, ACLU legal director.Attorney General Bill Barr on Thursday defended security forces and said clearing the protesters was not linked to Trump walking to the church.

Donald Trump, who rocketed to the top of the polls in the early GOP primary race, is an unlikely Republican front-runner: a longtime supporter of Democratic politicians with a history of taking views opposed to those of mainstream conservatives.

A household name for his reality-television show and his tawdry tabloid history, he has connected with an underappreciated strain of right-wing populists by focusing his fire on a single issue: immigration.

In this Broadside, Kevin D. Williamson takes a hard look at the Trump phenomenon and the failures of the national Republican leadership – and defects in our national character – that gave it life.

Democrats Lay Out Timeline In Case Against Trump - YouTube

Trump may or may not be in the race for the long haul, but in either case, Trumpism will remain a force.It all centers on whether or not he improperly sought help from Ukraine to boost his chances of re-election in 2020.

Mr Trump became only the third president in US history to be impeached after two votes in the Democratic Party-controlled House of Representatives – but more on what that means below.

President Trump, who is a Republican, strongly denies any wrongdoing.

What is he accused of doing incorrect?

President Trump is accused of pressuring Ukraine to dig up damaging information on one of his main Democratic challengers for the presidency in 2020, Joe Biden, and his son Hunter.
Hunter worked for a Ukrainian company when Joe Biden was US vice-president.The president is accused of dangling two things as bargaining chips to Ukraine – withholding $400m of military aid to Ukraine that had already been allocated by Congress, and a White House meeting for Ukraine’s president.


This, Democrats say, amounts to an abuse of presidential power, using the office for personal political gain and to the detriment of national security.
Ukraine was using that money in its ongoing conflict with Russia.Mr Trump is also accused of obstructing Congress by refusing to co-operate with the congressional inquiry.

What is the evidence against him?

A formal complaint from a whistle blower – an unnamed intelligence official who wrote a letter expressing concern about Mr Trump’s 25 July call with President Volodymyr Zelensky – kicked off the impeachment process in early September. COVID-19 “CASE AGAINST TRUMP”.
A rough transcript of the call revealed that Mr Trump had urged President Zelensky to investigate discredited allegations against Joe and Hunter Biden.
The call came shortly after Mr Trump had blocked the release of millions of dollars in US military aid to Ukraine. 

A senior official later testified that the president made clear the release of the aid was conditional on Mr Biden being investigated, but the White House denies this.
In a series of public hearings, a procession of US officials have testified that there was a White House shadow foreign policy led by the president’s personal lawyer, Rudy Giuliani.
Its aim was to get Ukraine to open an investigation into the Biden’s and declare as much publicly.

What is his say?

Mr Trump denies using US military aid as a bargaining chip with Mr Zelensky and has repeatedly insisted his call with Ukraine’s leader was “perfect”.He has called the impeachment inquiry a “witch hunt” by Democrats and elements of the media.
He also says it was appropriate to ask Ukraine to investigate “corruption”, referring to the energy firm where Hunter Biden worked.The Republican defense comes in three parts:-
– Ukraine’s president said he felt no pressure
– The Ukrainians were unaware the aid was held back

– US military aid was eventually released

What is impeachment anyway?

To impeach, in this context, means to bring charges in Congress that will form the basis for a trial.
The US constitution states a president “shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes or misdemeanors”.It’s important to note this is a political process, rather than a criminal one.


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COVID-19 UPDATE JUNE-2 in USA

COVID-19 UPDATE JUNE-2 in USA

How many novel coronavirus (COVID-19) cases were announced today?

Coronavirus update: Richmond proclaims June 1 as 'Day of Mourning ...

The COVID Tracking Project is a volunteer effort to compile federal and state data in regards to new COVID-19 cases, including number of positive and negative tests.

Here’s the latest data, updated on June 2:

Positive tests: 1,799,761

Negative tests: 15,540,921

Pending tests: 3,455

Patient deaths: 99,005

How many novel coronavirus (COVID-19) cases were announced today?

Coronavirus updates: Fauci says meetings with Trump have ...

The COVID Tracking Project is a volunteer effort to compile federal and state data in regards to new COVID-19 cases, including number of positive and negative tests.

Here’s the latest data, updated on June 1:

Positive tests: 1,783,570

Negative tests: 15,153,321

Pending tests: 3,270

Patient deaths: 98,536

Epidemiologists said protests around the United States would almost certainly lead to more cases. Republicans are seeking a new city to host their convention.

Germany will lift its travel ban on 29 European countries, including Britain and Iceland, on June 15, its foreign minister said.

An early effort by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to contain the coronavirus in the United States collapsed when the agency’s antiquated data systems failed to collect and deliver prompt, accurate information about American travelers returning from overseas. 

Officials were presented with duplicative records, inaccurate phone numbers and incomplete addresses.

Coronavirus: New Jersey and California lead one-day rise in US ...

The C.D.C., long considered the world’s premier health agency, also made early testing mistakes, which contributed to a cascade of problems that persist today as the country tries to reopen, according to a New York Times review of thousands of emails and interviews with more than 100 state and federal officials, public health experts, C.D.C. employees and medical workers.

The agency failed to provide timely counts of infections and deaths, hindered by a fractured reporting system and aging technology. And it hesitated to absorb the lessons of other countries, including the danger of silent carriers spreading the infection

It also struggled to adjust its cautious, bureaucratic tendencies to accommodate the need to move fast as the coronavirus ravaged the country.

Given its record and resources, the C.D.C. might have become the undisputed leader in the global fight against the virus.

 Instead, it made missteps that undermined America’s response.“The C.D.C. is no longer the reliable go-to place,” said Dr. Ashish Jha, the director of the Harvard Global Health Institute.

The C.D.C.’s most consequential failure was its inability, early on, to provide state laboratories around the country with an effective diagnostic test.And as the number of suspected cases — and deaths — mounted, the C.D.C. struggled to record them accurately. It rushed to hire extra workers to process emails from hospitals.

 Still, many officials turned to Johns Hopkins University, which became the primary source for up-to-date counts. Even the White House cited its numbers instead of the C.D.C.’s.

Some staff members were mortified when a Seattle teenager managed to compile coronavirus data faster than the agency, creating a website that attracted millions of daily visitors. “If a high schooler can do it, someone at C.D.C. should be able to do it,” said one longtime employee.

A pandemic of the novel coronavirus has now killed more than 380,000 people worldwide.

Over 6.3 million people across the globe have been diagnosed with COVID-19, the disease caused by the new respiratory virus, according to data compiled by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University

The actual numbers are believed to be much higher due to testing shortages, many unreported cases and suspicions that some governments are hiding the scope of their nations’ outbreaks.

Since the first cases were detected in China in December, the United States has become the worst-affected country, with more than 1.8 million diagnosed cases and at least 106,181 deaths.

In a series of tweets, President Donald Trump says the Republican National Convention will no longer be held in North Carolina and the GOP is hunting for a new host state.

Earlier today, Gov. Roy Cooper denied the RNC’s request for a “full convention” given the ongoing coronavirus health crisis. He asked for social distancing, smaller crowds and facial coverings, among other protections.

CDC now projects more than 123,000 coronavirus deaths in US by mid ...

The president tweeted, in part, “Had long planned to have the Republican National Convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, a place I love.

 Now, @NC_Governor Roy Cooper and his representatives refuse to guarantee that we can have use of the Spectrum Arena.

Governor Cooper is still in Shelter-In-Place Mode, and not allowing us to occupy the arena as originally anticipated and promised. Would have showcased beautiful North Carolina to the World, and brought in hundreds of millions of dollars, and jobs, for the State.”

The first pet dog has tested positive for COVID-19 in the U.S., the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced Tuesday.

The dog, a German shepherd in New York state, was tested at a private veterinary laboratory after showing signs of respiratory illness. Subsequent testing by the National Veterinary Services Laboratories confirmed the case, the USDA said.

The dog is expected to make a full recovery. One of its owners had also tested positive for COVID-19, and another dog in the household had tested positive for COVID-19 antibodies, suggesting exposure, the USDA said.

The first suspected case of COVID-19 in a pet dog in the U.S. — a pug named Winston in North Carolina — was later found to be inconclusive.

The USDA has also confirmed cases of COVID-19 in two pet cats in New York, as well as Tigers and Lions at the Bronx Zoo.

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Job Crisis in COVID-19- Get a Solution.

Job Crisis in COVID-19 Get a Solution.

Job Crisis in COVID-19- Get a Solution – The United States recorded its steepest job losses in history over the corona virus pandemic as Europe moved to keep its borders shut for another month.

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Hopes have been rising that the worst of the global catastrophe, which has killed more than 270,000 people, has passed, and the United States on Friday approved a new at-home saliva test to speed up diagnosis for Covid-19.

Recession: Here's how the coronavirus crises is different from 2008


But after weeks of lock down across the world, the effects have been painfully visible, with the global economy suffering its most acute downturn in nearly a century.

In the United States, 20.5 million jobs were wiped out in April — the most ever reported — with unemployment rising to 14.7 percent, the highest since the Great Depression.


The world’s largest economy has suffered the deadliest corona virus outbreak, with more than 77,000 fatalities and nearly 1.3 million cases.

Trump admits coronavirus 'not under control', says crisis may last ...


Mindful of elections in November, President Donald Trump has nonetheless vowed to reopen the country, and a growing number of state governors have already let business resume with precautions.


Trump played down the unemployment numbers, pointing to substantial gains Friday on global stock markets as proof that better times were ahead.
“We’re going to have a phenomenal year next year,” Trump told reporters. “I think it’s going to come back blazing.”


His optimism came even as the virus spread within the White House, with the press secretary of Vice President Mike Pence testing positive.


Neighboring Canada also shed three million jobs, bringing its unemployment rate up to 13.1 percent, two days after the European Union forecast a massive recession in the bloc.

In India, drones sprayed disinfectant on the streets of Ahmedabad on Saturday, hours after security forces clashed with residents who flouted a toughened lock down.


The western city has become a corona virus hot spot and a major concern for authorities as they battle a surge in deaths and infections.
The tougher measures in India come as a number of governments around the world are moving to ease restrictions.

US unemployment rate: How many people have lost their jobs due to ...

Germany, Europe’s biggest economy, took decisive early action that stemmed the virus and Chancellor Angela Merkel plans an almost complete return to normal within the month.


Italy, where deaths on Friday passed 30,000, plans to allow worshippers to return to church, while Denmark said cinemas, museums and zoos would reopen on June 8.


In Britain, which has suffered the highest death toll after the United States, Prime Minister Boris Johnson is expected to offer a road map out of lock down on Sunday.


The European Commission meanwhile recommended that the 27-nation bloc extend its ban on the non-essential entry of visitors until June 15.


“The situation remains fragile both in Europe and in the world,” it said in a statement.
The virus that has infected 3.9 million people worldwide overshadowed one of the most important dates on the European calendar — the anniversary of the end of World War II on the continent.


Parades and commemorations to mark 75 years since Nazi Germany’s surrender were canceled or scaled down Friday.


Russia, which marks the occasion a day later than western Europe, Saturday held muted celebrations after becoming Europe’s hot spot in the corona virus pandemic.


A Red Square parade was postponed and President Vladimir Putin instead gave a speech at a war memorial inside the Kremlin walls.
He made no mention of the corona virus but hinted at the struggle Russians are facing against the pandemic.


“Our veterans fought for life, against death. And we will always be equal to their unity and endurance,” Putin said.

Op-ed: How the U.S. could use the COVID-19 crisis to reimagine energy


No unity at UN

Far from bringing the world together, the crisis has triggered a war of words between China, where the virus first appeared in the metropolis of Wuhan, and the United States, where Trump has battled criticism over his handling of the epidemic.


The Trump administration has brought into the mainstream a theory that the virus came from a Wuhan laboratory, despite the World Health Organization and the top US epidemiologist saying there is no evidence.


China rejects the charge, and America’s allies are not convinced.


The feud spread Friday to the UN Security Council, where the US, stunning other members, prevented a vote on a resolution that called for a ceasefire in various conflicts around the world to allow governments to better address the pandemic among those suffering most.


Diplomats said Washington was concerned about language in the resolution on the role of the World Health Organization, which has been at the forefront of confronting Covid-19.


Trump has vowed to freeze the more than $400 million in annual US funding for the UN body, saying it did not act quickly enough when the mysterious respiratory disease emerged in Wuhan and blindly took the word of China.


The US State Department on Friday also accused China and Russia of sharply escalating disinformation online about the virus, including promoting conspiracy theories that it was cooked up by US scientists.

Coronavirus update: Job losses could total 47 million ...


Home tests

Researchers in Hong Kong have found that patients suffering milder illness caused by the corona virus recover more quickly if they are treated with a three-drug antiviral cocktail soon after symptoms appear.


Authors of the study, published in the Lancet on Friday, called for larger-scale research to ascertain if the drug combo could be a viable treatment for critically-ill patients.


With the US death toll and infections still climbing, regulators on Friday offered a way to ramp up testing — a significantly simpler home diagnostic kit that uses saliva.


Public health workers warn that a complete return to normal is impossible until the development of a vaccine, which could take months if not longer.
Trump, however, has suggested that a vaccine is not a prerequisite to ending the pandemic.


Todd Leff watched both his thriving livelihood and a growing economy come to a shocking halt nearly two months ago due to the coronavirus.


Now, he’s hoping that as states and communities slowly start coming back online, his own fortunes as well as those of the rest of the country will start to improve.


Leff, the CEO of Hand & Stone Massage and Facial Spa, has seen this before, through the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks and the financial crisis that exploded in 2008.


Both times, he’s heard much talk of things getting back to normal after largely unforeseen disruptions. But if he learned anything from the two seminal crises, it’s that things never really do return as they were.


“We never got back to normal. We created a new way of doing business,” he said. “We will have that happen here as well. We have a resilient economy.”


Leff spoke the same day as the world digested some of the most devastating economic news in U.S. history: The Labor Department reported that businesses shed 20.5 million workers from payrolls during April as the unemployment rate climbed to 14.7%, both numbers well beyond anything the country has seen since World War II. 

They were far worse than the financial crisis or 9/11 and a testament to just how much of a depressant the coronavirus containment measures have been to activity.


But they also are backward-looking. More current numbers, like weekly jobless claims, are showing that even though the damage is still awful, the worst is likely behind.


One bright spot from the jobs report was that 18.1 million of the layoffs were reported as temporary. So while some jobs won’t be coming back after the lockdown, most, at least for now, will. 


Leff has begun reopening some of the more than 450 Hand & Stone franchise operations that were shut, and he’s calling back some workers as locations open in Georgia, Utah, Colorado, Texas and Florida.


Running a literally hands-on business poses its own challenges in the coroanvirus climate, but intense safety precautions the company is taking appear to be paying off. 


“Our intent is to call back really the vast majority or maybe all our workers,” he said. “From our early state reopenings, we’re actually seeing very encouraging numbers, both on the consumer side and the willingness of employees to come back to work.”


Not everyone is so eager.


There are some workers at fast-food restaurants and other businesses who are earning more being unemployed under a government rescue program than they did on the job. They have been reluctant to return, according to several executives at job placement firms who spoke to CNBC.


“People are actually making more in unemployment than they would if they went back to work and exposed themselves to the Covid disease.

 One of the things we’re seeing is a lot of the small businesses, a lot of these front-line companies, are having a difficult time in getting their employees back,” said Irina Novoselsky, CEO at CareerBuilder.


Indeed, Daniel Jan is looking to hire 1,500 such folks for his business, Seniors Helping Seniors, a franchise operation based in Reading, Pennsylvania, that matches up older caregivers with those in need of help.


There’s been a big demand for the services during the pandemic as the nursing home system has taken a black eye due to a high mortality rate in the facilities.

 In Jan’s state, 2,458 of the 3,616 deaths, or 68%, have occurred in nursing homes, according to the Department of Health in Pennsylvania, which has some of the most stringent stay-at-home rules in the country.


“It’s created an opportunity for those seniors again, giving them an opportunity to continue working while also giving something back,” Jan said. 

“There’s this perception now that facility-based care is less safe. We are the alternative. On one hand, they’re part of the highest-risk group. On the other hand, if they’re home self-isolating, they are isolated and become lonely and they become depressed and need someone to check on them. 

Thankfully, we are deemed an essential service.”
‘If you don’t pivot, you die’
It’s not just seniors, though, who have new working opportunities.While social distancing requirements aimed at saving lives continue to crush jobs, there are new occupations coming up.

 Job postings for noncritical health care are on the rise, for one. There also are opportunities for temperature takers and contact tracers at workplaces instituting measures for employees returning to jobs where safety is taking on heightened importance.

There also is rising demand for logistics and supply, finance, pharma and telecom, said Amy Glaser, senior vice president at staffing agency Adecco. Glaser said there’s also a demand for workers with skills that can be applied to a number of different jobs.“There are companies out there that are hiring

What’s important to note is that a lot of the workforce is going to have to consider potential new jobs with transferable skills,” she said. For example, “the fast-food industry has taken a hit, but the skills of fast-food workers translate really well into warehouses.”That lesson is playing out across the economy.

“If you don’t pivot you die,” said Josh York, founder and CEO of GYMGUYZ, which brings personalized workouts to customers’ homes. York said the rise of social distancing has brought up a huge demand for virtual workouts, and he’s planning to bring on hundreds of trainers to cater to a new wave of clientele.

“We’re hiring tons of people right now,” he said. “On the flip side, we’re selling franchises, too, because people are seeing what’s happening. Gyms are becoming like Blockbuster, and we’re Netflix.

”York sees many businesses changing as a result of the current crisis, but he said people need to view it as more of an opportunity than an obstacle.

Edited-

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Corona 2019 – Health Tips

Corona 2019 – Health Tips

Corona 2019 – Health Tips

Health Care Workers' Stress Compounded By Long Days And Concerns ...

Corona 2019 – Health Tips

Corona 2019 – Health Tips – Corona 2019  Health Tips Strengthening frontline services for pandemic response, the current priority for governments given the COVID-19 virus outbreak, requires supportive health financing policies. WHO’s guidance on health financing policy is ultimately focused on strengthening health system resilience, health security and universal health coverage (UHC). 
Our thinking focuses on raising adequate revenues for health systems, organizing those revenues in order to maximize risk-sharing across the entire population, and spending those funds in the best way to improve the health of all citizens of a country. Public financial management is a cross-cutting theme across these core functions.

Doctors Already Face Mental Health Concerns — Coronavirus Isn't ...

Short-term measures in response to COVID-19 must be carefully streamlined, and WHO is heavily involved with colleagues to provide comprehensive guidance to countries on the types of actions and adjustments needed to support the response. Questions include:
a. What immediate spending actions can be taken with existing budgets?b. How can the necessary budget for the COVID-19 response be secured through revisions to finance laws?c. What can be done to accelerate budget execution and funds release to frontline services?d. What is the best way to ensure rapid access to COVID-19 services for all those who need it, irrespective of ability to pay?e. How can the core of the health system be strengthened even as the immediate response takes priority?

Ventilators concern during Covid-19 crisis; lab markers get ...

Sexual and Reproductive Health and COVID-19

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) Director General’s has emphasized that “All countries must strike a fine balance between protecting health, minimizing economic and social disruption, and respecting human rights”.

When health systems are overwhelmed, countries need to make difficult decisions to balance the demands of responding directly to COVID-19, while simultaneously engaging in strategic planning and coordinated action to maintain essential health service delivery.

 The provision of many services will become more challenging. Women’s choices and rights to sexual and reproductive health care, however, should be respected regardless of COVID-19 status.

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To guide national health systems in planning for the strategic shifts needed to sustain sexual and reproductive health services while also responding to the additional demands of the COVID-19 pandemic, WHO has published COVID-19 specific resources that complement and supplement existing resources in this field. 

For the latest information on COVID-19 and sexual and reproductive health and rights follow us on Twitter @HRPresearch and @WHO.

Coronavirus risk factors prompt public health concerns, though ...

Mental health & COVID-19

Fear, worry, and stress are normal responses to perceived or real threats, and at times when we are faced with uncertainty or the unknown. So it is normal and understandable that people are experiencing fear in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Added to the fear of contracting the virus in a pandemic such as COVID-19 are the significant changes to our daily lives as our movements are restricted in support of efforts to contain and slow down the spread of the virus.

 Faced with new realities of working from home, temporary unemployment, home-schooling of children, and lack of physical contact with other family members, friends and colleagues, it is important that we look after our mental, as well as our physical, health.

WHO, together with partners, is providing guidance and advice during the COVID-19 pandemic for health workers, managers of health facilities, people who are looking after children, older adults, people in isolation and members of the public more generally, to help us look after our mental health.

Further materials relating to looking after our mental health during the COVID pandemic will be added to this page as they become available.

Nutrition and Food Safety (NFS) and COVID-19

A robust and diverse food supply is an essential part of the health and nutrition response to COVID-19. WHO, together with partners, is providing nutrition and food safety guidance and advice during the COVID-19 pandemic for governments, food businesses, health workers and the general public, to maintain good health and prevent malnutrition in all its forms.

Older people & COVID-19

COVID-19 is changing older people’s daily routines, the care and support they receive, their ability to stay socially connected and how they are perceived. Older people are being challenged by requirements to spend more time at home, lack of physical contact with other family members, friends and colleagues, temporary cessation of employment and other activities; and anxiety and fear of illness and death – their own and others.

 It is therefore important that we create opportunities to foster healthy ageing during the pandemic.

WHO, together with partners, is providing guidance and advice during the COVID-19 pandemic for older people and their households, health- and social care workers and local authorities and community groups.

Further materials relating to older people during the COVID-19 pandemic will be added to this page as they become available.

Tuberculosis and COVID-19

Dual burden of TB and COVID-19

Tuberculosis (TB) and COVID-19 are both infectious diseases that attack primarily the lungs. Both diseases have similar symptoms such as cough, fever and difficulty breathing. TB, however, has a longer incubation period with a slower onset of disease.

While experience on COVID-19 infection in TB patients remains limited, it is anticipated that people ill with both TB and COVID-19 may have poorer treatment outcomes, especially if TB treatment is interrupted. TB patients should take precautions as advised by health authorities to be protected from COVID-19 and continue their TB treatment as prescribed.

Continuity of essential TB services during COVID-19 pandemic

Health services, including national programmes to combat TB, need to be actively engaged in ensuring an effective and rapid response to COVID-19 while ensuring that TB services are maintained. WHO Global TB Programme, along with WHO regional and country offices, has developed an information note to assist health authorities in doing so.

Prevention: Measures must be put in place to limit transmission of TB and COVID-19 in congregate settings and health care facilities, as per WHO guidelines.

Diagnosis: Accurate diagnostic tests are essential for both TB and COVID-19. TB laboratory networks have been established in countries with the support of WHO and international partners. These networks as well as specimen transportation mechanisms could also be used for COVID 19 diagnosis and surveillance.

Treatment and care: TB programme staff with their experience and capacity, including in active case finding and contact tracing, are well placed to share knowledge, expertise, and to provide technical and logistical support. Use of digital health technologies should be intensified to support patients and programmes through improved communication, counselling, care, and information management, among other benefits.

Human resources: Respiratory physicians, pulmonology staff of all grades, TB specialists and health workers at the primary health care level may be points of reference for patients with pulmonary complications of COVID-19.

NCDs & COVID-19

To help increase the reach of WHO’s efforts to stop the COVID-19 pandemic and prepare for the future, the WHO NCD/WIN Working Group on COVID-19 and NCDs has been established to support efforts to “Strengthen the design and implementation of policies, including for resilient health systems and health services and infrastructure,

 to treat people living with NCDs and prevent and control their risk factors during the COVID-19 outbreak, with a particular focus on countries’ most vulnerable to the impact of COVID-19”,  taking into account the corresponding commitment made by Heads of State and Government in paragraph 40 of the 2018 UNGA Political Declaration on NCDs.

COPIED FROM WHO

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Corona Update May 31

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Corona Update May 31 

Violent protests rock dozens of U.S. cities; Pope greets faithful ...

USA

The White House rebuked the top US health agency saying “it let the country down” on providing testing crucial to the battle against the corona virus outbreak.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been under intense scrutiny since producing a faulty test for COVID-19 that caused weeks of delays in the US response.

Critics have pointed out it could simply have accepted testing kits made by the World Health Organization, which has been producing them since late January, instead of insisting on developing its own.

“Early on in this crisis, the CDC, which really had the most trusted brand around the world in this space, really let the country down with the testing,” White House official Peter Navarro told NBC. “Because not only did they keep the testing within the bureaucracy, they had a bad test. And that did set us back.”

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 1,467,065 cases of the new coronavirus, an increase of 31,967 cases from its previous count, and said that the number of deaths had risen by 1,394 to 88,709.

Oregon coronavirus updates, May 28: DMV services available by ...

France

French health authorities reported 483 new corona virus deaths on Sunday, bringing the total to 28,108.

The heath ministry said the number of people in hospitals fell to 19,361 from 19,432 the previous day while the number of people in intensive care units dropped to 2,087 from 2,132.

Israel

Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque reopened to worshippers on Sunday after a two-and-a-half month coronavirus closure, but Muslim authorities imposed some precautions as health officials warn of an uptick in local infections.

Hundreds of Muslims chanted “God is the greatest” as they packed into the compound in Jerusalem’s walled Old City early on Sunday for dawn prayers, a Reuters witness said.

Coronavirus in Michigan - mlive.com

Brazil

Brazil reported a record 33,274 new cases of the novel corona virus on Saturday, its health ministry said, and the death toll surpassed that of France and now ranks only below the United States, Britain and Italy.

The South American nation has now reported 498,440 confirmed cases of coronavirus since the outbreak began, a level of contagion second only to the United States.

Germany

The number of confirmed corona virus cases in Germany increased by 286 to 181,482, data from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) for infectious diseases showed on Friday.

The reported death toll rose by 11 to 8,500, the data showed.

Rwanda

Rwanda’s ministry of health on Sunday reported the East African nation’s first death caused by the new corona virus.

The victim was a 65-year-old driver who opted to return home from a neighbouring country, where he resided, after falling severely ill, the ministry said in a statement.

He passed away from severe respiratory complications while receiving treatment at a specialised COVID-19 treatment facility.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says China may have known of ...

Russia

Russia on Sunday reported 9,268 new cases of the novel corona virus, raising the national tally to 405,843.

Officials said 138 people had died of COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the corona virus, in the last 24 hours, pushing to nationwide toll up to 4,693.

China

China announced on Sunday two new confirmed cases of corona virus and four new asymptomatic cases, including one person without symptoms of COVID-19 on a chartered flight from Germany.

The two confirmed cases in Shandong province on Saturday compared with four cases the day before, data from the country’s health authority showed.

The National Health Commission (NHC) confirmed three new asymptomatic cases on Saturday.

Egypt

Egyptian hotels operating with a new reduced occupancy rate of 25% to contain the spread of the novel corona virus have almost reached full capacity, a tourism ministry official told Reuters on Sunday.

Egypt suspended international flights in March and shut down restaurants, hotels and cafes in order to combat the pandemic. Although airports remain closed to all but domestic and repatriation flights, hotels were recently allowed to reopen at a quarter of their usual capacity if they met strict health and safety protocols.

Around 78 hotels, mostly along the Red Sea coast, met these rules and are currently operating with an occupancy rate of 20%-22%, said the ministry official, who spoke on condition of anonymity. An additional 173 hotels across the country have applied for a licence to reopen and will be considered in the coming week, he added.

England

British foreign minister Dominic Raab said on Sunday the “careful” easing of the coronavirus lockdown was now the “right step” to take, shrugging off criticism for moving too quickly to allow people more social contact.

“We are confident that this is the right step to be taking at this moment in time,” Raab told Sky News. “We are taking those steps very carefully, based on the science but also based on our ability now to monitor the virus.”

India

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi warned the country on Sunday to remain vigilant against the spread of corona virus as the country prepares a phased re-opening of activities even as daily cases rise to record highs.

India, with the world’s longest lockdown, is set to largely lift containment measures in June, except in high-risk zones.

“The fight against the corona virus is intense, we cannot drop our guard,” Modi said in his national radio address, a day after his government extended the lockdown until June 30 in high-risk zones but permitted restaurants, malls and religious buildings to reopen elsewhere from June 8.

“Wearing a mask, gloves and following social distancing rules is essential as everyone will soon start stepping out of their homes,” Modi said.

The novel corona virus has infected more than 182,000 people and claimed the lives of 5,164 in India.

The number of cases reached a daily record high in the last 48 hours, two months after the federal government enforced a rigid lockdown to stop the pandemic from spreading in a country with more than 1.3 billion people.

Spain

Spain’s prime minister said on Sunday he will ask parliament to agree to a last two-week extension of the state of emergency lockdown until 21st June, after which the government will no longer restrict citizens’ movements, newspaper El Pais reported.

Pedro Sanchez told regional government leaders during a video-conference meeting that this would be the last lockdown as Spain’s infection rates have reduced dramatically.

The country’s death toll rose by four on Saturday to 27,125, the health ministry said, reflecting a dramatic decline in daily fatalities as Spain brings the outbreak under control.

The number of COVID-19 infections increased by 271 overnight to 239,228 on Saturday.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia’s mosques opened their doors to worshippers on Sunday for the first time in more than two months as the kingdom, the birthplace of Islam, eased restrictions imposed to combat the corona virus.

“It is great to feel the mercy of God and once again call people for prayers at mosques instead of at their homes,” said Abdulmajeed Al Mohaisen, who issues the call to prayer at Al Rajhi Mosque, one of the largest in the capital Riyadh.

Worshippers headed to mosques for dawn prayers amid strict regulations requiring use of face masks and personal prayer mats, avoiding handshakes and standing at least 2 metres apart.

The elderly, children under 15 and people with chronic diseases are not permitted. People must perform the ablution rite, the act of washing the face, arms and legs before prayer, at home.

“My eyes filled with tears when I entered the mosque and when I heard the call to prayer. Thank God for this blessing that we are back to the houses of worship,” Said Maamoun Bashir, a Syrian resident in Riyadh.

Saudi authorities said earlier this month that restrictions would be lifted in three phases, culminating in a curfew ending on June 21, with the exception of the holy city of Mecca.

Iran

Iran says its caseload of novel corona virus infections has passed the grim milestone of 150,000, as the country struggles to contain a recent upward trend.

The government has largely lifted the restrictions it imposed in order to halt a COVID-19 outbreak that first emerged in mid-February.

But the health ministry has warned of a potential virus resurgence with new cluster outbreaks in a number of provinces.

Ministry spokesman Kianoush Jahanpour said 2,516 new cases were confirmed across the country in the past 24 hours, bringing the total to 151,466.

Jahanpour said the virus had claimed another 63 lives over the same period, raising the overall toll to 7,797.

Indonesia

A 100-year-old Indonesian woman has recovered from coronavirus, making her the country’s oldest survivor of the deadly respiratory illness.

Kamtim, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, was discharged from hospital this week after a month of treatment in her hometown Surabaya, Indonesia’s second-biggest city, officials said.

East Java Governor Khofifah Indar Parawansa said she hoped Kamtim’s story would give a boost to at-risk residents — the illness is especially dangerous for older people and those with chronic conditions.

Indonesia has confirmed more than 26,000 cases of corona virus and 1,613 deaths.

But the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago of more than 260 million has among the lowest testing rates in the world.

Pakistan

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa health department has reported 20 more deaths, taking the total to 473 in the province and the number of deaths nationwide to 1,519.

The tally of infections breached the grim milestone of 10,000 with 487 new cases. The total now stands at 10,027.

Japan


More than 80 percent of respondents said they felt the government’s economic aid, including cash handouts of 100,000 yen to residents, in response to the impact of the coronavirus outbreak was slow.

The government has no immediate plan to place Tokyo and Fukuoka under a state of emergency again despite the areas seeing an increase in the number of coronavirus infection cases in recent days, economy minister Yasutoshi Nishimura said Sunday.

Local governments in Japan are waking up to the need to prepare for a worst-case scenario — a natural disaster and a corona virus outbreak hitting their areas at the same time.

U.S. President Donald Trump said Saturday he is postponing the Group of Seven summit from June until September and that he wants to invite Russia and other countries to the meeting, the latest in a series of flip-flops over the corona virus pandemic-impacted talks.

The Indian government said it will reopen economic activities in a phased manner from Monday with the number of corona virus infections in the country topping 170,000.


A probe by nuclear regulators into the causes of the March 2011 Fukushima crisis has been hampered by the corona virus pandemic, with the dispatch of staff from Tokyo postponed for fear of spreading infection among the some 4,000 on-site decommissioning workers.

Thirty-eight of Japan’s 47 prefectures are set to fully reopen their economies on Monday as they seek to strike a balance between rebuilding the economies hit by the corona virus and implementing measures to prevent a second wave of infections.

 With many smokers reconsidering a habit that seems more dangerous than ever as the corona virus pandemic rages, an app promoted by a city in western Japan last year may be the way forward for those ready to quit.


Around 80 percent of mayors across Japan disagree with or are wary of a proposed shift in the start of the academic year to September from April, according to a recent survey conducted amid the closure of schools due to the novel corona virus pandemic.

New York City, the hardest-hit spot in the corona virus outbreak in the United States, will start easing its restrictions on businesses in phases from June 8 as the local spread of the virus has apparently peaked, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said Friday.

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5 Job Tips to Prepared During Corona

5 Job Tips to Prepared During Corona

Jobs after coronavirus: The US labor market won't bounce right ...

Most HR departments and managers are just getting everyone up to speed on the logistics and daily routines of a fully remote workforce so it might be difficult to reach people in the first few weeks of the transition, says Kathleen Landers, executive director of SEQUENCE Counseling and Consulting Services in Silver Spring, MD. Plus, “people have a lot of concerns—they might have elderly parents, relatives in other countries, young children to take care of, even their own health issues.”

6.6 million Americans file for unemployment

Be prepared for job openings to be put on hold or disappear, even if they’ve been open for a while. That doesn’t mean they won’t open up again in a few months. Landers admits she herself was getting ready to hire someone but decided to put that on hold for a few weeks. “If I can tell my business will maintain the same level of income and consumers will still want the product, then I will move ahead,” she says.

With all that said, you can still be actively working on your job search. These tips will help you navigate the process during the pandemic and the accompanying economic slowdown.

Spain unemployment rate at 13-year high - CNN.com

A. Think Your Urgency

If you can afford to put your job search on hold, you may want to wait it out, Landers says, because it could be challenging to get on a hiring manager’s radar right now. “If you’re currently employed, think about how to make your job more palatable,” says Nancy Halpern, founder of Political IQ, a Manhattan-based leadership-consulting firm focused on developing emotional intelligence. “If you’re not employed, don’t think of your next job as the perfect job. It might be short term.”

U.S. jobless claims surge - Georgia Asian Times

While many industries have and will continue to be hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, others are still hiring. If you’re unemployed and need a stopgap, consider looking there or wherever else you can find an opportunity that makes sense for you—and pays the rent and puts food on the table—in the meantime.

B. Get Suitable Networking Online

Events will be cancelled for a while, so you’ll need to find a new networking strategy. Seek out like-minded professionals online and ask about virtual events, Halpern says.

Look for professional groups to join on Facebook and LinkedIn. Both platforms offer a wide range of options with groups for every profession. For instance, if you’re looking for a job in marketing, you could join LinkedIn’s Global Marketing and Communications Professionals group. “Join in the conversation, post and comment, and make yourself visible,” Halpern says. Just be sure to keep the conversation professional by posting relevant articles and chiming in on topics that allow you to demonstrate your expertise.

Get ready to ace a virtual informational interview or networking chat by practicing with a friend, says Laura Labovich, CEO of The Career Strategy Group in Bethesda, MD. Have your friend ask questions and give you feedback on your delivery. Make sure you know how to angle the camera so the person you’re meeting with can see your entire face, not just your forehead or your left eye. Once you’ve mastered the technology, invite professional contacts to meet for a virtual coffee.

C. Stay In Connection

Maybe you recently had a promising interview and a job offer seemed to be on the horizon, but now the company has moved to remote work and you haven’t heard from the hiring manager. What should you do? Check in with the hiring manager by email, acknowledging that they might be scrambling to help their employees get used to the new setup, Moser says.

For instance, your email could say: “I’m looking forward to learning more when it makes sense for your organization.” This conveys that you know this is an extraordinary circumstance and acknowledges that this isn’t easy for people, she says.

Make sure you also demonstrate a thoughtful attitude. Rather than asking them to help you, ask if there is anything you can assist them with, Moser says. The idea is to connect with people on a human level, she says. Let’s say you’re contacting someone you’ve networked with in the past.

Your email can simply say: “I wanted to reach out to see if there’s anything I can do for you. You’ve been so generous with your time, I want to return the favor if I can.” If you have a specific skill a hiring manager might be able to tap into, mention it. You might say: “Given that I’ve led virtual teams, I might have some ideas to share on how to keep your employees feeling connected when they’re not in the office.”

“Networking should be driven by what the company needs and how it matches up with your superpower,” Moser says. “It’s also an opportunity to demonstrate what type of employee you would be.”

And find other ways to stay top of mind in addition to email. For instance, connect with the hiring manager on LinkedIn and, if they post a status, comment on it, Labovich says. If the hiring manager posts a company report or press release, make a comment that illustrates you read it and have valuable insight to contribute. Pretend you’re giving them a preview of what you’d add to the team if you worked there.

D. Gather Intel

The COVID-19 crisis can provide a unique glimpse into company culture. Take note of how leadership deals with this emergency and treats its employees by following the company on social media and watching for any media coverage, says Heidi Parsont, CEO and founder of TorchLight Hire in Alexandria, VA. For instance, is the company allowing employees to work from home? Are they supporting workers in other creative ways? Did they lay off staff?

Set up Google alerts for the companies you want to work for and listen to investor calls, Labovich says. When you do have a chance to interview, you’ll be able to demonstrate that you understand the concerns leadership has and the threats the company faces from this pandemic, she says. You can mention what you read and listened to and use your specific knowledge to drive home how you could help the company achieve its goals if hired.

E. Use the Time to Reflection

Job seekers often jump at the first available opportunity or go into their search without fully considering what they want to do next. Take advantage of the slowing job market by getting clarity about where you want to work and the type of role and title you’re seeking.

Create a one-page document that lists your target industry, companies, job titles, and anything in particular you’re looking for, Labovich says. It goes without saying that you should apply to every posting you see that hits some or all of your criteria. But beyond job openings, you can also focus on which companies you want to work for and who you can reach out to at those companies. (The company might not have an open role yet but you can use your network to help you start making connections now.)

Be prepared to think about your role more broadly and possibly pivot to an adjacent position that would also make use of your experience and skills. For instance, you might have been targeting a marketing role but with fewer people spending money, the company might be more inclined to hire someone for a communications role during this crisis. “Play the long game,” Lander says. “There is a lot of shifting going on right now.”

Conclusion

Now is the perfect time to work on bolstering your qualifications, Moser says. Analyze job descriptions by listing each required skill and experience. Then consider whether you have that exact skill, if you have the skill but haven’t used it in a few years, or if you’re lacking the skill entirely. Use that information to determine what you need to brush up on to make yourself an even better candidate when the job market picks up again.

For instance, if you’re applying for social media or marketing specialist positions, the listing will likely require experience with Google Analytics and Hootsuite. Being certified in either or both would make your resume stand out.

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Electronic Devices in 2020

Electronic Devices in 2020

Introduction

Computers and electronics play an enormous role in today’s society, impacting everything from communication and medicine to science.

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Although computers are typically viewed as a modern invention involving electronics, computing predates the use of electrical devices. The ancient abacus was perhaps the first digital computing device

Analog computing dates back several millennia as primitive computing devices were used as early as the ancient Greeks and Romans, the most known complex of which being the Antikythera mechanism. Later devices such as the castle clock (1206), slide rule (c. 1624) and Babbage’s Difference Engine (1822) are other examples of early mechanical analog computers.

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The introduction of electric power in the 19th century led to the rise of electrical and hybrid electro-mechanical devices to carry out both digital (Hollerith punch-card machine) and analog (Bush’s differential analyzer) calculation.

 Telephone switching came to be based on this technology, which led to the development of machines that we would recognize as early computers.

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The presentation of the Edison Effect in 1885 provided the theoretical background for electronic devices. Originally in the form of vacuum tubes, electronic components were rapidly integrated into electric devices, revolutionizing radio and later television.

 It was in computers however, where the full impact of electronics was felt. Analog computers used to calculate ballistics were crucial to the outcome of World War II, and the Colossus and the ENIAC, the two earliest electronic digital computers, were developed during the war.

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With the invention of solid-state electronics, the transistor and ultimately the integrated circuit, computers would become much smaller and eventually affordable for the average consumer. Today “computers” are present in nearly every aspect of everyday life, from watches to automobiles.

Definition  

Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. 

This distinguishes it from classical electrical engineering as it uses active devices to control electron flow by amplification and rectification rather than just using passive effects such as resistance, capacitance and inductance.

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The identification of the electron in 1897, along with the subsequent invention of the vacuum tube which could amplify and rectify small electrical signals, inaugurated the field of electronics and the electron age.

 This distinction started around 1906 with the invention by Lee De Forest of the triode, which made electrical amplification of weak radio signals and audio signals possible with a non-mechanical device. Until 1950, this field was called “radio technology” because its principal application was the design and theory of radio transmitters, receivers, and vacuum tubes.

The term “solid-state electronics” emerged after the first working transistor was invented by William Shockley, Walter Houser Brattain and John Bardeen at Bell Labs in 1947.

 The MOSFET (MOS transistor) was later invented by Mohamed Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in 1959. The MOSFET was the first truly compact transistor that could be miniaturised and mass-produced for a wide range of uses, revolutionizing the electronics industry, and playing a central role in the microelectronics revolution and Digital Revolution.

 The MOSFET has since become the basic element in most modern electronic equipment, and is the most widely used electronic device in the world.

Electronics is widely used in information processing, telecommunication, and signal processing. The ability of electronic devices to act as switches makes digital information-processing possible. Interconnection technologies such as circuit boards, electronics packaging technology, and other varied forms of communication infrastructure complete circuit functionality 

and transform the mixed electronic components into a regular working system, called an electronic system; examples are computers or control systems. An electronic system may be a component of another engineered system or a standalone device.

 As of 2019 most electronic devices use semiconductor components to perform electron control. Commonly, electronic devices contain circuitry consisting of active semiconductors supplemented with passive elements; such a circuit is described as an electronic circuit.

 Electronics deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes, integrated circuits, optoelectronics, and sensors, associated passive electrical components, and interconnection technologies. The nonlinear behaviour of active components and their ability to control electron flows makes amplification of weak signals possible.

The study of semiconductor devices and related technology is considered a branch of solid-state physics, whereas the design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems come under electronics engineering. This article focuses on engineering aspects of electronics.

Electronic component

An electronic component is any physical entity in an electronic system used to affect the electrons or their associated fields in a manner consistent with the intended function of the electronic system.

 Components are generally intended to be connected together, usually by being soldered to a printed circuit board (PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, or oscillator). 

Components may be packaged singly, or in more complex groups as integrated circuits. Some common electronic components are capacitors, inductors, resistors, diodes, transistors, etc. Components are often categorized as active (e.g. transistors and thyristors) or passive (e.g. resistors, diodes, inductors and capacitors).

History

Vacuum tubes (Thermionic valves) were among the earliest electronic components.They were almost solely responsible for the electronics revolution of the first half of the twentieth century. 

They allowed for vastly more complicated systems and gave us radio, television, phonographs, radar, long-distance telephony and much more. They played a leading role in the field of microwave and high power transmission as well as television receivers until the middle of the 1980s. Since that time, solid-state devices have all but completely taken over. Vacuum tubes are still used in some specialist applications such as high power RF amplifiers, cathode ray tubes, specialist audio equipment, guitar amplifiers and some microwave devices.

 The first working point-contact transistor was invented by John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain at Bell Labs in 1947. In April 1955, the IBM 608 was the first IBM product to use transistor circuits without any vacuum tubes and is believed to be the first all-transistorized calculator to be manufactured for the commercial market.

 The 608 contained more than 3,000 germanium transistors. Thomas J. Watson Jr. ordered all future IBM products to use transistors in their design. From that time on transistors were almost exclusively used for computer logic and peripherals. However, early junction transistors were relatively bulky devices that were difficult to manufacture on a mass-production basis, which limited them to a number of specialised applications.

The MOSFET (MOS transistor) was invented by Mohamed Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in 1959. The MOSFET was the first truly compact transistor that could be miniaturised and mass-produced for a wide range of uses.

 Its advantages include high scalability, affordability, low power consumption, and high density. It revolutionized the electronics industry, becoming the most widely used electronic device in the world. 

The MOSFET is the basic element in most modern electronic equipment, and has been central to the electronics revolution, the microelectronics revolution, and the Digital Revolution. The MOSFET has thus been credited as the birth of modern electronics,and possibly the most important invention in electronics.

Industry

The electronics industry consists of various sectors. The central driving force behind the entire electronics industry is the semiconductor industry sector,which has annual sales of over $481 billion as of 2018.The largest industry sector is e-commerce, which generated over $29 trillion in 2017. 

The most widely manufactured electronic device is the metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), with an estimated 13 sex-trillion MOSFETs having been manufactured between 1960 and 2018.

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Corona is No 1 Risk in USA

Corona is No 1 Risk in USA :

What is the Federal Government Doing to Fight Corona Virus.Corona : #1 Risk in America.

Corona is No 1 Risk in USA : In March, President Trump declared a national emergency over the corona virus pandemic, effectively freeing up to $50 billion in federal funds to help states and territories fight the spread of the virus, which he said would include expanding access to testing.

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Still, there have been many issues with the availability of the corona virus test. Though testing capacity has improved, there are still widespread shortages. In many areas, state health officials and medical providers say they are unable to test as many people as they would like to, and tests remain available only to those who meet specific criteria.

Public-health officials say that far more testing — for both the virus and antibodies — will be needed in order to safely reopen the economy.Speaking April 27, President Trump announced a plan to increase federal support to states to provide increased testing, saying that the U.S.

would “double” the number of tests it had been conducting.Currently, the U.S. is conducting about 300,000 tests a day. While an improvement, experts say this still falls far short of the number of tests needed, which is more like 5 million tests a day by June and 20 million tests a day by late July.Trump Is Claiming Coloradans Are Showering Him With Thank You ...

On March 19, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the U.S. would close its borders with Canada and Mexico, barring entry to all nonessential travelers.

 President Trump has also barred entry of all foreign nationals who have been in high-risk countries, including China, Iran, and much of Europe, within the last 14 days. The CDC has advised against all nonessential travel throughout most of Europe, South Korea, China, and Iran and has advised older and at-

risk Americans to avoid travel to any country.On March 27,President Trump signed a $2 trillion stimulus plan, the largest in modern American history, which will send direct payments of around $1,200 to millions of Americans who earn less than $99,000, along with an additional $500 per child.

Corona is No 1 Risk in USA

The first round of deposits went out on April 11. The plan also substantially expands unemployment benefits, including extending eligibility to freelance and gig workers, and provides aid to businesses and companies in distress.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin has extended the tax-filing deadline to July 15, and President Trump signed another $484 billion relief package in late April, which will provide aid to small businesses and funding for hospitals and testing.

On May 15, the House approved a new $3 trillion relief package, which would include nearly $1 trillion in aid to state and local governments, as well as another round of $1,200 payments to Americans.Researchers have made a number of early steps toward a vaccine that look promising.

A corona virus vaccine that has been tested in eight people appears to be safe and effective, according to the manufacturer, Moderna, which plans to begin additional tests soon.On May 5, Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech announced that they were beginning human trials for a possible coronavirus vaccine in the U.S., and the U.S. government has pledged to provide up to     $1.2  billion for vaccine research   to  the drug company AstrZeneca.However, U.S. government officials have said that producing a widely available vaccine could take a year to 18 months.On Monday night, President Trump Threatened to permanently cut off U.S.

funding to the World Health Organization, which he has accused of failing to act quickly and aggressively to stop the early spread of the virus — a criticism that has been leveled at his own administration. Trump halted funding to the WHO last month in an apparent attempt to shift the blame for the fallout from the pandemic, a decision that was met with widespread criticism from global leaders.

What should I do to minimize my coronavirus risk?


Corona : #1 Risk in America: In most cases, COVID-19 is not fatal, but it appears to pose the greatest risk to elderly people and those with preexisting conditions that compromise their immune systems. According to the CDC, eight out of 10 deaths from COVID-19 in the U.S. have been adults age 65 and older. Doctors and medical workers may also be at greater risk, due to their higher-than-average odds of exposure, and data shows that in many areas, including New York, black and Latino Americans have been dying at disproportionate rates.

On April 10, President Trump said that the CDC is now recommending that Americans wear masks when they are out in public, though he stressed that the guidelines were voluntary, and said he would not wear a mask himself. On April 15, Cuomo signed an executive order requiring New York residents to wear face coverings in public settings where they are not able to stay six feet away from other people, including buses, subways, sidewalks, and grocery stores.

Los Angeles has also ordered residents to wear masks when visiting essential businesses.The guidance on masks seems to be driven in part by concern about the number of asymptomatic individuals who may be infected and transmitting the virus. Speaking on April 5, Fauci estimated that between 25 and 50 percent of those infected with the virus may not experience any symptoms.

If you have symptoms associated with coronavirus — coughing, fever, respiratory issues — call your doctor before showing up at their office: The virus is highly contagious and you want to limit the possibility of spreading it. If you are sick, the CDC recommends that you stay home and self-isolate, confining yourself to one room as much as possible and wearing a face mask when you have to interact with others. Wash your hands frequently

— soap and water and at least 20 seconds of scrubbing — and avoid touching shared household items, cleaning “high-touch” surfaces (like your phone) regularly. Your health-care provider and even local health department will help you determine how long it’s appropriate for you to keep up these precautions.Regardless of whether or not you have symptoms, though, keep your hands clean, and seriously, stop touching your face and just stay home.

The day we meet is the day the first coronavirus case has been confirmed in his area, but Sebastian says that while his family have seen all the news about the virus, their reality remains the same.”Being undocumented it’s hard to get medical attention. There’s the aspect of presenting yourself to the legal system at medical facilities and that runs the risk of deportation,” he says.”My family may not be criminals, but they sure are undocumented and seeing a doctor scares them.”For everyone in the US, whether they are undocumented or not, there is also the huge expense involved in even just seeing a doctor.

More than 27 million people in America have no medical insurance at all, a number that has been growing dramatically during the Trump presidency.A consultation with a doctor for someone without insurance costs hundreds of dollars.But there are tens of millions more who are classed as being “underinsured” – having basic insurance that often only covers a fraction of the cost of any check ups or treatment.”During the flu season we are getting sick a lot, but taking my children to see their paediatrician costs $100 each visit just for a check,” says Lisa Rubio, 28, who has basic health insurance through her employer.

“I started with a cough and a sore throat a week ago, but if the doctor tells me they can’t prescribe anything, that it’s just a virus, I have to decide whether it’s worth it to take away money from my bills and my children’s other needs.”Last year, being underinsured contributed to a devastating episode for Lisa.”I got sick. I felt pain coming in my chest. But for me to go see a doctor even though I am insured, I couldn’t afford it so I tried to ignore the pain.

“”Two weeks later, in the middle of the night, my lung just collapsed completely. They had to do intensive care but said if I had caught it sooner, it would have been better,” she says.Lisa suffers these problems even though she herself is an administrator in a hospital in Tucson.Dr Grivois-Shah says that even before the coronavirus, the huge number of patients going undiagnosed with HIV or other sexually transmitted infections was just one example of the public health crises being exacerbated because so many have no access to healthcare.

“I have not seen any evidence that anything is going to be different with the coronavirus,” he says, unconvinced by the promises from Washington.”For decades, we’ve been okay as a society knowing that there are so many in our community who are uninsured, underinsured, undocumented and unable to take sick leave,” he says.”These individuals without access to care are going to get sicker, are going to spread the disease more frequently because they’re not getting care or isolating, or getting diagnosed and treated. And we are going to pay the public health price because of what our society is okay with.”As it sweeps across nations, the coronavirus is exposing systemic flaws.

In China, it was freedom of information; here in the US it is the massive disparities in the way people are treated depending on their economic circumstances and their immigration status.The coronavirus of course does not discriminate on those grounds and having large sections of society being unable to see a doctor is suddenly in focus as not just being bad for the individuals themselves, but for the country a whole.