German Government Scholarships 2022-2023

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German Government Scholarships 2022-2023 

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daad online scholarship 2020 871

The Applications are now open to apply for the DAAD German Government Scholarships for the Academic Year 2022-2023. Fully Funded Masters/MPhil, MBA, LLM, PhD Scholarships in Germany by DAAD to Study in Top Universities of Germany. DAAD Scholarship is funded by the Government of Germany and it will cover all the expenses. The German Government supports over 100,000 German and International students each year.

In Germany, you can Study without ILETS Requirements. There are some Top German Universities that allows you to get admission without IELTS in Germany or any other Language Tests. The Total Number of Programs is like Masters/MPhil (34 Programs), MBA (One Year Program), LLM (One Program) and PhD (Two PhD Programs only).

The duration of the Master’s Degree will be for 12-24 months (depending on the particular institution) and 36 months for a PhD. No Application Fee Required as well as there is No Separate Applications are required for the Scholarship. DAAD is the Largest German Support Organisation for Students to Study in Germany. The Full Detailed Information about the German Government Scholarships 2022-2023 is given below.

Details About German Government Scholarships 2022-2023

  • Scholarship Country: Germany
  • Scholarship By: Funded by the BMZ (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development)
  • Financial Coverage: Fully Funded
  • Course Level: Masters/MPhil, MBA, LLM, PhD
  • Duration: 12 Months, 24 Months, 36 Months
  • Deadline: Varies from University to University
  • Financial CoverageDAAD Scholarship 2022-2023 will cover all the Expenses including other Expenses as well. The Benefits of the DAAD Development-Related Postgraduate Scholarship is given below.
    • Monthly Stipend: Monthly Payments of 861 Euros for Graduates or 1,200 Euros for Doctoral Candidates.
    • Round Airfare Tickets Travel Allowance to/from Germany.
    • Payments towards Health, Accident and Personal liability Insurance CoverAdditional Benefits:
    • Monthly rent subsidy
    • Monthly allowance for accompanying members of the family.Read About: Scholarships For Canada 2021 | Fully FundedAvailable Fields of StudyEvery Year, thousands of students coming from all around the world trust their education at German universities. The List of the Academic Fields are given below:
    • Economic Sciences/Business Administration/Political Economics
    • Development Cooperation
    • Engineering and Related Sciences
    • Mathematics
    • Regional and Urban Planning
    • Agricultural and Forest Sciences
    • Natural and Environmental Sciences
    • Medicine/Public Health
    • Social Sciences, Education and Law
    • Media StudiesEligibility Criteria
    • Candidates From all Developing Countries.
    • Candidates have a Bachelor’s degree (usually a four-year course) in an appropriate subject.
    • His/her academic degrees should normally not be more than six years old.
    • Candidates have at least two years’ professional experience.List of Required Documents
    • DAAD application form can be found under “Application Procedure”.
    • A hand-signed CV (please use the Europass specimen form:
    • A hand-signed letter of motivation (with reference to current occupation), maximum of 2 pages
    • Academic letter/s of recommendation (the letters must have a letterhead, a signature, and an official stamp and must be of recent date)
    • Professional letter/s of recommendation from your employer (the letter must have a letterhead, a signature, and an official stamp and must be of recent date)
    • Confirmation of employment from the employer in your home country and – if possible – a guarantee of reemployment.
    • Proof of language abilities:
      • English – TOEFL or IELTS (Note: We only accept an academic TOEFL)
      • German – necessary for the courses taught in German; for the courses taught in English, if available
    • (certified*) copies of awarded academic degrees (certified translation if necessary)
    • (certified*) copies of academic transcripts (certified translation if necessary)
  • DeadlineThe Last Date to apply for the German Government Scholarships 2022-2023 is Varies from University and Course to Course. All New Deadlines for 2022-2023 are uploaded on the Official Website.How to ApplyThe Application Process is Online. Visit the Official Website for the Detailed Information. To Apply, Please Visit the Official Website of the DAAD Scholarship 2022-2023
  • International students can apply to numerous organizations for a scholarship, for example to the DAAD, to party-related foundations or business-affiliated institutions. You can find information on the various types of scholarships in the DAAD scholarship database, along with suitable offers.
  • 8 Steps to Study in Germany
  • If you’re wondering about what you need to do to study in Germany, and you’re confused by the amount of information available on what steps you need to take, you’re at the right place.We have simplified the process of studying in Germany as an international student into 8 steps you need to go through. Follow these 8 steps one by one to keep track of where you are right now and what you need to do to make your dream of studying in Germany a reality.
  • The application process to study in Germany:
    1. Find a Study Program.
    2. Meet All Requirements.
    3. Learn The German Language.
    4. Find Financial Resources.
    5. Apply For Admission.
    6. Get Your German Student Visa.
    7. Find Accommodation.
    8. Enroll At Your University.1. Find a Study Program(Start researching at least 3 months before deciding)Finding a university and choosing a study program that suits your interests is the first step to planning your studies in Germany.This is not supposed to be a major problem because there are many universities and countless study programs available – and their quality is undoubtedly world-class. Regardless of what direction you want to go in life, there will certainly be a study program that will match your studying aspirations and future plans.But, finding a university and a study program may take time if you haven’t given much thought to this matter before starting your application process to study in Germany. The high number of available courses could be one of the reasons you haven’t made a decision yet.We suggest you think about the study program at least 3 months before making a final decision. This period of time is enough to allow you to scan all German universities that offer courses related to your professional field.
  • Once you find those German universities, you can focus on a smaller list of universities that seem ideal for you. You can either decide to focus on just one university or apply to several that you like best to increase your chances of securing admission.Finding a university and study program is very important because it determines everything.Here is the list of universities in Germany and here is the list of study programs available.Here is a guide on how to choose the right university for you in Germany.2. Meet All Requirements(Two weeks before the application is opened)
  • Now that you have decided what university and what study program you want to attend you must check out all the requirements. For this purpose, you check the university website and their admission requirements section. If there are things you don’t understand never hesitate to contact the university directly.Entry requirements are different depending on the university and the type of course you choose, so it’s recommended to read the requirements section multiple times.Bad timing and missing documents are the most common issues that happen at this stage and both can lead to delayed admission or even rejected applications. To avoid such possibility you must prepare these documents early enough.For example, sitting for a German language proficiency standardized test you need to take a language course for at least three months. If you start learning German from scratch it takes way longer than this.Further legalizations of your documents may have a similar processing time until they’re issued to you. Taken any occasional delay originating from the nature of the process, you must start preparing your documents at least 4 months before applying for your place at the university.3. Learn The German Language(Start learning it 6 months before the application or the course commencing)Your success at university highly depends on your skills in the German language, even if your program is in the English language. Having a solid-rock knowledge in the German language guarantees you will comprehend study materials, understand what is taught in lectures while being able to express your thoughts properly.
  • In Germany, most undergraduate courses are taught in the native language, whereas many study programs at higher academic levels are taught entirely or partially in the German language. Other than at university, you will often have to speak German with locals.Learning German from scratch can be difficult, but if you start early, by the time you come to Germany you’ll be speaking German perfectly. We recommend starting at least 6 months ahead of the commencing of your course (or before the application if German language proficiency is a requirement) to gain a basic comprehension of the German language.You can also check out our list of the top language schools in Germany.4. Find Financial Resources(at least two weeks before you apply for a German student visa)The next step is making sure you have the required financial means to live and study in Germany. Under the current law, every foreign non-EU or non-EEA student must have proper financial means to finance their stay in Germany during their studies.An international student in Germany must possess a minimum of €10,332 which is estimated to be enough for a student to cover the cost of living for the first year of his studies. This amount of money needs to be deposited into a German blocked bank account.
  • Naturally, for a student, this a large amount of money and takes time to collect. It’s highly recommended you start saving money a long time before you initiate your university application, except when you’ve been granted a scholarship and use it as proof of your financial means.Normally, 6 months before your application would be early enough to start collecting this money and two weeks before applying for your student visa you must have them deposited. Here are some ways you can finance your studies in Germany.5. Apply For Admission(As soon as you complete requirements)After double-checking your application documents, it’s time for you to submit the application. The application can be carried online, but there may be universities that receive only applications in person or by post.Contact your university to see you which way you can submit your application. Most German universities are part of the national university online application platform known as UniAssist. In addition to this, there are universities that run their own online admission platform on their website.Keep in mind that universities in German are a hub for international students and admission committees are heavily loaded with foreign applications. Going through all the applications takes time and you need to submit your application as soon as possible to take advantage.You must submit your application once the call for application is opened and then wait for the admission letter.Depending on what level of studies you’re pursuing in Germany, the application procedures vary slightly.Here are our detailed guides on how to apply for university in Germany:
    • Bachelor’s Degree
    • Master’s Degree
    • PhD Degree6. Get Your German Student Visa(As soon as you receive the admission letter)If you’re a student coming from a non-EU and non-EEA country you must get a German student visa.For detailed guidance on how to get your student visa, please read our article “German Student Visa Requirements“.By the time you are collecting the documents we suggest to contact the German embassy/consulate in person and make a visa appointment.Make sure you have secured proper financial means for studying in Germany. One of the easiest and the best way to convince the authorities that you have enough money to cover your study and living cost is by opening a so called Blocked bank account.We suggest to open a blocked bank account with Fintiba. Fintiba is a German company and is officially approved by the German Federal Foreign Office.Along with other documents, the German embassy/consulate in your home country will also require you to get a health insurance policy before granting you a student visa.Most international students in Germany prefer to get health insured with DR-WALTER.The health insurance tariff EDUCARE24 by DR-WALTER is suitable for the following groups of people:
    • Foreign exchange students, language students and students participating in university preparatory courses (Studienkolleg)
    • University students
    • Participants in exchange programmes (e.g. ERASMUS, DAAD, SOKRATES)
    • Trainees
    • Accompanying family membersStill have questions about health insurance? Learn more about health insurance in Germany from experts.
  • 7. Find Accommodation(If possible two weeks before your landing in Germany)Now that you’re officially an admitted student in Germany and you have your student visa you must think of a place to stay in. Accommodation in Germany for international students is not that expensive, but is normal that as a foreign student, you should strive to find the most financially suitable place for you.We recommend you give the deserved priority to this issue because it may cost you a lot of time which otherwise you would use to study. With that in mind, you can try to find an accommodation online before landing in Germany.In the end, if you don’t find something that fits for you, at least you have a list of resources to contact to secure your accommodation the day you land in Germany. As with other steps explained above, you must find accommodation as soon as you gain your student visa. Two weeks before your landing in Germany should be fine.8. Enroll At Your University(First week after arriving in Germany)The final step to officially be given a place at the university of your choice is to enroll in the course at which you have been admitted. In this sense, the enrollment process takes you from a successful applicant to a registered student in Germany.The public higher education in Germany is offered for free, but you will still have to pay a registration fee which ranges somewhat between €150 and €250. Additionally, you will have to pay for your Semester ticket to use public transportation free of charge for 6 months.To enroll at your university course in Germany you need to personally appear at the administration office of your university and submit the following documents:
    • Your valid passport
    • A passport photo
    • Your Visa or Residence Permit
    • Completed and signed Application Form
    • Degree qualifications (original documents or certified copies)
    • The Letter of Admission
    • Proof of health insurance in Germany (You can get your health insurance here.)
    • The payment fee receiptFollowing your enrollment in the university administration will issue you a registration document (ID card) which can later be used for residence permit application and attendance of your classes.An important note: You need to re-register each semester following the completion of the previous one and again you will have to cover the same registration costs.Make sure to also read our article about the first things you need to do after you arrive in Germany.
  • How to Apply to Study in GermanyLearn More About Applying to Study in Germany and Visa RequirementsApply for Studienkolleg (Prep Course)Some universities require that you complete a foundation course in Germany and pass an exam before you can enroll at the university.LEARN MOREApply for Language CourseGerman language proficiency is a requirement for some programmes in Germany. You can do an intensive German language course in Germany.LEARN MOREApply for Bachelor’s DegreeApplying to study at the Bachelor’s level in Germany might look like a complicated process to you, but it’s not. Find our all the steps you need to go through in this guide.LEARN MOREApply for Master’s DegreeThe majority of international students study at the Master’s level in Germany. Here is everything you need to know in this comprehensive guide.LEARN MOREApply for PhD DegreeGermany is one of the best destinations for research and to get your PhD degree. Learn more about getting an advanced degree in Germany.LEARN MOREGermany Student VisaGetting your student visa is an important step in your journey to studying in Germany. Read more about the type of visas, resident permits, and application procedures.LEARN MORE

German Education System

This is how the German school system works

The German education system functions upon the rules and regulations of the Basic Law “Grundgesetz”. The Federal Ministries of Education, Cultural Affair and Science is the main authority for making education, science and arts policy guidelines, and for adopting related laws and administrative regulations.

The ministry closely collaborates with the Federation and Länders (German states) authorities, in supervising the entire activity of the educational institutions, organizations and foundations.

Responsibility on education issues in Germany is shared amongst Länders and the Federation (which has a minor role). Though, there are areas of cooperation in the education field for which such a distinction between both parts doesn’t exist, known as “joint tasks” or “Gemeinschaftsaufgaben”.

Landers, on the other hand, have a wide legislative power around their territory about school, academic, adult and continuing sector (except if the Basic law empowers the Federation with such a power instead).

How is the school system structured in Germany?

The German school system is divided into 5 levels:

  • Early Childhood Education.
  • Primary Education.
  • Secondary Education.
  • Tertiary Education.
  • Continuing Education.

Early Childhood Education in Germany

What Is Considered Preschool Education in Germany?

Early childhood education is optional education and care that children between 0-6 of age receive in the Federal Territory of Germany.

Who’s Responsible for the German Preschool Education?

Supervision of the German pre-school education is mainly the responsibility of the State Youth Welfare Office “Landesjugendämter” of the respective Lander. They’re in charge of issuing licenses for the preschool education and care institutions.

To get such a preschool education operation license, providers have to meet the requirements. This includes having the right child/staff ratio, properly qualifications educators, adequate space, appropriate equipment and hygiene, as well as the age-appropriate education program.

Youth offices manage also the operation and investment money that Lander or “Kommunen” allocates for activities and advancement of German preschool education centers.

Which Are the Institutions of Preschool Education in Germany?

German pre-school education is largely offered by privately-run day-care centers and less by institutions established by local authorities. Preschool education providers are “Kinderkrippen” (crèches), child-minding centers, kindergarten, and day-care centers.

Priority in offering childhood education services is offered to non-public organizations, such as Churches, Welfare or Parent’s Associations. Local authorities may offer preschool education services, only if there’s a lack of private initiatives or poor services of the aforementioned providers.

Opening hours of the preschool education institutions are scheduled in cooperation between parents and managing staff. However, usually children get a 7-hour day childhood education and care, including lunch and sometimes a midday break.

Which Are the Teaching Methodology and Materials in Preschool Education in Germany?

For Children Under the Age of 3

The core educational mission of the German preschool education (age under 3) is the enhancement of communication skills amongst kids. Secondly, it is the development of their language skills through the social interaction with other toddlers and adults.

Communication and language skills are taught by language role model (educators), finger plays, singing, pictured books and additional teaching practices/instruments.

Furthermore, an important part in pre-educating children is given to the motor development. This includes increasing body awareness, self-acceptance, self-confidence and concentration amongst the toddlers.

Motor development is reached through physical activities, visiting public environments, rhythmic early education programs, singing and movement playing.

For the Children over the Age of 2

Core values that preschool education seeks to develop amongst children are the enhancement of their teamwork skills, along with their level of integration in daily life activities.

Key areas of German preschool education of children older than 2 are (1) language, writing, communication, (2) personal and social development, (3) development of values and religious education, (4) mathematics, natural sciences, (information) technology (5) fine arts/working with different media (6) body, movement, health and (7) nature and cultural environments.

Such values are taught through self-organized learning, creative learning, teamwork building activities, investigation and experimental activities.

Assessment of the Educational Achievements in Preschool Education in Germany

Children are not assessed regarding their educational achievement reached by participating in German preschool institutions. Instead, they’re constantly supervised by their educators or trainers regarding their attainment from learning activities.

The opinion of educators is discussed with parents of the children, who together agree on further measures on development of kids’ learning skills.

What If a Child Isn’t yet Ready to Begin Compulsory School Studies?

There is a middle option for children having reached the compulsory school attendance age, who yet hasn’t reached the needed development leading to further studies. This is relevant for children with disabilities and those in in need for special education.

So, they attend a special school offered by some Landers, known as School Kindergarten “Schulkindergärten”, or a Preliminary Class “Vorklassen” beforehand.

Compulsory Education in Germany

What Is Considered as Compulsory Education in Germany?

All Germans are obliged to attend primary and secondary education, ever since they reach the age of 6, up until they complete a 9-year full-time schooling at Gymnasium, or 10 years of full-time years for other general education schools.

If youngsters fail to attend full-time classes at the general or vocational education schools, at upper secondary level, they’ve to attend part-time left-aside classes. This applies even if they’ve already passed the period of their compulsory education. Such obligation is known as compulsory attendance “Berufsschule Berufsschulpflicht” and lasts 3 years.

Other children who fail to attend at all such education and training, they’ve may be required to attend full-time classes and trainings (for vocational schools only).

Disabled youngsters have an obligation to complete compulsory education too. In dependence to their special education needs “Sonderpädagogischer Förderbedarf” they will attend either a normal school or a special school “Sonderpädagogische Bildungseinrichtungen”.

German compulsory education obliges pupils to regularly participate in school lessons, as well as in other formal and informal schooling activities/events/projects. Such compulsion extends also to their parents who’ve to regularly supervise study progress of their children and participate in school parent’s meetings.

This also includes training companies which are in charge of keeping the evidence of the pupils’ attendance in the vocational training and children’s practical commitment (for vocational schools).

German Primary Education

What Is Considered Primary Education in Germany?

Grundschule (primary school) offer mandatory education through mixed-ability classes for children of age 6 until they complete grade 4 (or 6 in Berlin and Brandenburg) of school studies.

There are two primary school education systems in Germany. In a 5-day school week pre-education system, there’re 188 teaching days/annually. In a 6-day school week preschool system, there’re 208 days of teaching/annually, by including also teachings during 2 Saturdays/every month.

Primary school pupils are obliged to attend 20 to 29 courses/1 week, and 20-22 /first year. Primary school courses normally last up to 45 minutes. During 1 day up to 6 courses can be taught.

Which are the Teaching Practices in Primary Schools in Germany?

The core objective of the German primary education is development of essential understanding, skills, abilities and key competences amongst pupils.

Subjects taught in German primary schools are German language, mathematics, general studies, foreign language, art, handicrafts/textile design, music, sports, and religion/ethics. They also teach intercultural, mint, media, health, musical-aesthetic, sustainable development, and values education.

Learning objectives in primary schools are attained through engagement of pupils in planning, running, analyzing study subjects (lessons) in an adapted way, which goes along with their knowledge, interest, curiosity and concerns. Students are also encouraged to take part in organizing initiatives and interdisciplinary projects of the school.

Primary school textbooks in Germany, used as study reference, have to be approved the respective Ministry.

People suffering long-term or permanent illness or physical incapacity who couldn’t attend primary education lessons they may well receive such education at their homes.

Moreover Germany offers special primary education scheme for children of the professional travelers, who cannot attend regular primary education. Schools like School for Children of Professional Travelers “Schule für die kinder beruflich Reisender” offer separate education for such group of children, during the period they’re not traveling.

There’s even a School for Circus Children “Schule für Circuskinder”.

Germany has also vocationally-oriented primary education modules. This education is offered for the children of workers in companies/institutions such as EU project BeKoSch (Development of Professional Skills for Showmen through Modules).

What’s more, Germany has International Schools offering primary education through bilingual lessons in several languages, such as the European Schools.

Which Is the Grading System in German Primary Schools?

By completing lessons of the grade 1, children are automatically transferred to the grade 2, regardless level of knowledge attained during such studies.

Starting from grade 2, these children are awarded a suitable mark, in dependence to the level of knowledge they’ve attained during studies. If failing to pass the grade, children have to repeat the grade lessons once more.

In the Pupil’s school report “Zeugnis” is issued showing all the marks achieved during a school year, and according to that is decided whether the child will pass to the next grade or has to repeat the same grade.

The progress of pupils in German primary schools is evaluated upon a 6-mark grading system as follows:

  • 1 (very good).
  • 2 (good).
  • 3 (satisfactory).
  • 4 (adequate).
  • 5 (poor).
  • 6 (very poor).

Does a Pupil Receive a Primary School Leaving Certificate in Germany?

There isn’t any examination upon completing a German primary school. Thus, primary school-leaving certificate aren’t usually issued, except for the Lander Baden-Württemberg and Rheinland-Pfalz.

Instead, when pupils leave a German primary school they must have reached “the Grundschule target outcomes”. Accordingly, there are issued an annual report of their studies during 4th/6th grade.

What Is Considered Secondary Education in Germany?

German Secondary education takes place after the primary school, and it’s separated into lower secondary level “Sekundarstufe I” and upper secondary level “Sekundarstufe II”.

The lower secondary education is the education offered for pupils of age 10 – 15/16 in grades 5/7 to 9/10.  Lessons in this level are of a general nature and serve as preparation for the upper level of secondary education.

The upper secondary education is the education that pupils of age 15/16 – 18/who have completed lower level of secondary school receive for the purpose of getting a university entrance qualification or a vocational qualification. This level resumes all the courses of lower secondary level which built the basis of knowledge of the participating pupils.

Germany has various secondary schools attended by children of various abilities and various prior qualifications received in primary education.

Which Are the Types of Secondary Schools in Germany?

Federal country of Germany offers secondary education in public and private schools.

Germany’s publicly-funded secondary schools are:

  • German high schools issuing specialized qualifications in one study area.
    • Gymnasium”. Providing intensive and in-depth general education, general knowledge for university studies, and for scientific work. It normally covers schooling years from grade 5-12 or 5-13, leading to an “Allgemeine Hochschulreife” known as “Abitur”.
    • Hauptschule”. Teaching basic general education, leading to a vocational or university entrance qualification. Education in such school lasts from grade 5-9, and sometimes includes the grade 10 as well, leading to a “Hauptschulabschluss”.
    • Realschule”. Offering more extensive education, leading to a vocational or university entrance qualification. It usually covers schooling years from grade 5 to 10, “Realschulabschluss”.
  • German schools with more than one study course “Schularten mit mehreren Bildungsgängen”. They offer 2-3 different study subjects.
  • German vocational schools. They offer lessons and practical placement, known as a dual system. These are the types of vocational schools available in Germany:
    • “Fachoberschule”. Providing 2-year education to the holders of maturity certificate “Mittlerer Schulabschluss” leading to a “Fachhochschulreife”, entitling holder to enter a university of applied sciences. If a 13 grade is held in this institution, a pupil completing it can receive a “Fachgebundene Hochschulreife” or an “Abitur”.
    • “Berufsoberschule”. Providing a 2-year general and in-depth education and training regarding initial vocational knowledge and training obtained during previous education, leading to a vocational qualification (or Abitur – by proving the good command in second foreign language). There is also a 3/4 year course of study which is aimed at getting a double qualification, both vocational and higher education qualification.
    • “Berufsfachschule”. Offering education for one or few professions which require formal recognition or leading to a vocational training qualification.
    • “Berufsschule”. Delivering practically-oriented and interdisciplinary lessons and skills, which prepare pupils for further vocational education or for a job in a profession. They do that based on the dual system, education and training combined.
    • “Berufliches Gymnasium”. Providing a 3-year long secondary education program, leading to an Abitur.

Germany’s private secondary schools are the following:

  • Alternative schools “Ersatzschulen”Providing equal lessons and courses as public secondary schools.
  • Complementary schools “Ergänzungsschulen”. Teaching additional courses, despite those that are also offered in the public secondary schools.

Which are the Objectives of the German Secondary Education?

Lower secondary education in Germany, as its core mission has the fundamental education, individual specialization, and identification of individual abilities amongst children.

German secondary education objectives are achieved by:

  • Engaging children intellectually, emotionally and physically.
  • Teaching them independence, decision making, as well as personal, social and political responsibility.
  • Assisting them in attaining their educational goals.
  • Supporting them in advancing their specialist knowledge.

General upper secondary schools in Germany aim to prepare youngsters with the needed understanding to obtain the Abitur or other university entrance qualification. With a university entrance qualification they can apply for further academic studies in any German higher education institution, or apply for a professional education and training study course.

Gymnasium offers youngsters with exhaustive understanding, expertise and know-hows for German and foreign language as well as Mathematics. These institutions also taught young people self-development, social responsibility, and participation in democratic society.

Additionally, they’re informed and guided regarding academic institutions and their admission requirements, vocational sphere and access requirements, together with the employment prospect in various professions.

Upper secondary education offered during 2 full-time years by the German vocational high-schools “Berufliches Gymnasium” prepares youngsters to get a vocational qualification for a skilled work as qualified staff “Fachgebundene Hochschulreife”.

Such qualification allows them to get a job in a profession requiring a formal qualification.

The same time, such qualification can lead into a university entrance qualification, if the holder shows a good command on a second foreign language.

Additionally, with such qualification the holder can study in a technical university, but before that, they’ve to study for 2 years until they get a maturity certificate “Mittlerer Schulabschluss”.

Which is the Grading system in the German Secondary School?

The progress of pupils in the German secondary schools is evaluated upon a 6-mark grading system as follows:

  • 1 (very good).
  • 2 (good).
  • 3 (satisfactory).
  • 4 (adequate).
  • 5 (poor).
  • 6 (very poor).

What Makes a Tertiary Education in Germany?

German tertiary education in Germany provides higher education for qualifying individuals, who before all, have completed secondary education in Germany or abroad which entitles them to enter higher education studies.

Who’s Responsible for Supervision of German Tertiary Education?

Higher education institutions under the Basic law enjoy the autonomy to independently manage the scholarship awarding, research and teaching activity.

For administrative issues, such as academic and governmental matters, these institutions have to be in accord with the Lander’s ministry.

Which Are the Institutions of German Tertiary Education?

Higher education studies (tertiary education providers) in Germany are named the recognized institutions providing higher education study courses leading to a profession that addresses needs of the local and international labour market.

Germany’s education providers, recognized as Higher Education Institutions are:

  • Universities “Universitäten” and Equal Institutions.
  • “Technische Hochschulen”/”Technische Universitäten”.
  • “Pädagogische Hochschulen”.
  • Theological colleges.
  • Universities of Applied Sciences “Fachhochschulen”.
  • Art and Music Colleges.
  • Higher Education Institutions for Federal Armed Forces.
  • Higher Education Institutions Offering Dual Studies “Berufsakademie” (BA).
  • Institutions of Continuing Vocational Education “Fachschulen” And “Fachakademien” In Berlin. According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), the education received from these institutions is equal to the first level of higher education.

What Are German Universities and Equal Institutions Specialized In?

German universities are higher education institutions providing wide range of study courses. Equivalent institutions to universities offer a minor number of study courses, i.e. natural and engineering, theology, pedagogy, or alike.

Despite differences between them, both of these institutions are entitled to award Ph.D. titles “Doktorgrad” (Promotionsrecht).

Universities and equivalent institutions also have the exclusivity to offer education and scientific research study programs for the future academics.

What Are Colleges of Art and Music in Germany Specialized In?

German colleges of art and music are higher education institutions delivering study courses for education of the future artists or musicians, including teachers of art or music. Some of these institutions teach all art subjects and some others only certain study subjects of such area.

German colleges or art and music offer the following study courses:

  • Visual, design and performing arts.
  • Film, television and media.
  • Theoretical studies, through the following core subjects:
  • Fine arts.
  • Art history and art pedagogy.
  • History and teaching of music.
  • Media and communication.
  • Digital media.

What Are the Universities of Applied Sciences “Fachhochschulen” Specialized In?

German universities of applied sciences “Fachhochschulen” are independent higher education institutions providing practically-oriented and responsive teaching and research programs, towards labour market needs. These institutions are mainly self-sustained, and some of them are publicly funded.

The key distinction feature of German universities of applied sciences is inclusion of a paid practical training (practical job) “Praxissemester” in the study program.

Such trainings are carried in premises of private businesses or public institutions/administrations aimed at placing the student closer to the labour market needs.

Teaching professors in Fachhochschulen, despite being academics, have a strong background of professional experience in the labour market, out of the academia.

German Universities of applied sciences offer the following study courses:

  • Agricultural economy.
  • Design.
  • Technology.
  • Business.
  • Social work.

Along with other German universities of applied sciences, there is a “Verwaltungsfachhochschulen”.  They provide study programs especially designed for training and educating civil servants of the Federal public administration. There are about 29 such institutions in Germany, and they are sponsored and managed by the Federation or the Land.

Note: In some Landers Fachhochschulen is called “Hochschulen für angewandte Wissenschaften”.

What Are “Berufsakademien” Specialized For?

German professional Academies “Berufsakademien” are higher education institutions providing alternative education through the academic training entitling students, who have finished the upper secondary education and have a university entrance qualification, to practice a specific profession.

Qualifications of the German Higher Education System

Bachelor Degree – First German Higher Education Qualification

The first higher education qualification in Germany is the Bachelor degree. The standard period of study “Regelstudienzeit” in a Bachelor program is 6 semesters, or 3 full academic years.  In Universities of Applied Sciences bachelor studies last 6-7 semesters, by also including the practical work.

In German Colleges of Art and Music such studies last about 8 semesters or 4 academic years. In Professional Academies they last 3 academic years. In Fachschulen bachelor degree studies last 2 academic years.

Depending the type of higher education institution of higher education issuing it, there are different Bachelor titles, as follows:

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.).
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.).
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B. Eng.).
  • Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.).
  • Bachelor titles issued by the College of Arts and Music:
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.).
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.).
  • Bachelor of Music (B. Mus.)
  • Bachelor titles issued by higher education institutions offering studies in the education field:
  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.).

Which Are the Offered Bachelor Degree Fields of Study in Germany?

Bachelor Study Fields in German Universities and Equivalent Institutions.

German universities and equal institutions are recognized for providing the widest range of study courses compared to other institutions offering tertiary education.

Study courses offered by German universities and equivalent institutions are the following:

  • Languages, Humanities and Sport.
    • Philosophy.
    • Theology.
    • Archaeology and study of antiquity.
    • History.
    • Art studies/art history.
    • Musicology/music history.
    • Theatre studies/dramatic art.
    • European and non-European languages and literature.
    • Education.
    • Psychology.
    • Library science/documentation science/media studies.
    • Sport
  • Law, Economics and Social Sciences.
    • Law.
    • Social sciences.
    • Administrative sciences.
    • Economics.
    • Political science.
  • Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    • Mathematics.
    • Physics.
    • Computer science.
    • Chemistry.
    • Biochemistry.
    • Biology.
    • Earth science.
    • Pharmacy
  • Medicine.
    • Human medicine.
    • Dentistry.
    • Veterinary medicine.
  • Agronomy, Forestry and Nutritional Science.
    • Agronomy.
    • Forestry.
    • Nutritional science.
  • Engineering Sciences.
    • Architecture.
    • Civil engineering.
    • Geodesy.
    • Electrical engineering.
    • Mechanical engineering.
    • Chemical engineering.
    • Traffic and transport studies.
    • Environmental technology.
    • Mining.

International Bachelor study programs that German universities and equal institutions offer are:

  • Languages and Humanities.
  • Law, Economies and Social Sciences.
  • Engineering Sciences.
Bachelor Study Fields in German Universities of Applied Sciences.

German Fachhochschulens provide the following Bachelor study courses:

  • Agronomy, Forestry and Nutritional Science.
  • Engineering Sciences.
  • Economics/Economic Law.
  • Social Work.
  • Public Administration, Administration of Justice.
  • Information Technology, Computer Science and Mathematics.
  • Natural Sciences.
  • Design.
  • Information and Communication Studies.
  • Nursing and Management in the Public Health System.

International Bachelor study programs that German Universities of Applied Sciences offer are:

  • Law, Economics and Social Sciences.
  • Engineering sciences.
Bachelor Study Fields in German Fachschulen.

Bachelor study programs that institutions of the continuing vocational training offer are:

  • Agricultural economy.
  • Design.
  • Technology.
  • Business and social work.

Core Bachelor subjects of study in these institutions are:

  • Electrical, Mechanical and Construction engineering.
  • Business management.
Bachelor Study Fields in German Berufsakademien.

Bachelor study programs that professional academies in Germany offer are:

  • Business.
  • Technology.
  • Social Work.

Magister Degree – Second German Higher Education Qualification.

The second higher education qualification in Germany is the Master degree. It takes 2 -4 semesters to complete studies in a German master degree program.

In universities and equal institutions as well as college of art and music, this period is mostly 4 semesters. In Fachhochschulen this period is 3-4 semesters.

To complete a Master degree, students must achieve 300 ECTS credit points also including the points received by the earlier qualification. To complete a Master degree, a student whose earlier qualification is a Bachelor degree, must achieve 360 ECTS points.

The titles that can be received by completing a German Master degree at universities or equal institutions are:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.).
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.).
  • Master of Engineering (M. Eng.).
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.).
  • Master of Education (M.Ed.).

The titles that can be received by completing a German Master degree at colleges or art and music are:

  • Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.).
  • Master of Arts (M.A.).
  • Master of Music (M.Mus.).

The titles that can be received by completing a German Master degree at universities of applied sciences are:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.).
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.).
  • Master of Engineering (M. Eng.).
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.).

There are Master degree titles that can be received by completing a continuing/specialist education such as:

  • Master of Business Administration (MBA).

German Higher Education Programs Outside the Bachelor and Master Level

Diplom Examination

Some German study courses are completed by sitting a Diplom examination on a single study subject, leading to a Diplom degree, i.e. Diplom in Psychology or Engineering. If the Diplom is issued by the University Applied Sciences, usually it contains the phrasing “FH” included.

Diplom issued by the Universities of Applied Sciences is comparable to Bachelor degree.

Magister Examination

Some other German study courses are completed by sitting a Magister examination on a combined study subject leading to a Magister degree, such as “Magister of Atrium”.

Magister degree issued by the University of Applied Sciences is comparable to a Master degree.

Staatsprüfung – State Examination

For some study courses, a state examination must be undertaken to prepare students for a particular profession of importance to the public interest. This takes account for medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmaceutics, food chemistry, law and teaching (education).

Such professions cannot be pursued without having to pass a 2-stage examination, carried by state examiners and academic professors.

Church and Academic Examination

For students having completed a 5-year study program in theology subject, they’ve to sit a Church and academic examination before landing themselves in the profession. This takes account of jobs as a priest or a pastoral assistant.

Postgraduate Study Courses – Supplementary and Follow-Up Study Courses

Meanwhile or afterward completing bachelor or master studies, there’s an option of taking up additional 2-year long studies in support to the existing studies, or to specialize in a specific study field. These are known as postgraduate study courses.

Examination of Colleges of Art and Music

Some study programs offered by German colleges of art and music are completed by sitting the final examination “Abschlussprüfung” or a concert examination “Konzertexamen”.

PhD Degree – Third German Higher Education Qualification

The third higher education qualification in Germany is the PHD degree. This is a program that is embraced by the most qualified students, and can be taken at German universities and equivalent institutions, in collaboration with non-university research institutes.

There is no standardized period for completing doctoral studies, as this is a more in-depth and individual specialization.

The German doctoral studies include:

  • Independent research.
  • Oral examination “Rigorosum”/defense of the doctorate thesis “Disputation

There are several paths to get a PHD degree in Germany, as follows:

  • Individual and supervised doctorate.
  • Structural doctorate.
  • Cooperative doctorate (combination between universities and universities of applied sciences).
  • International doctorate.
  • Special doctorate.

Title received by completing a German PhD study program is Doctor “Doktorgrad”.

Admission Requirements of the German Higher Education Institutions

Admission requirements for German Bachelor Degree:

  • Higher Education Entrance Qualification. To get admitted in any study course in any higher education institution in Germany, applicants must possess either “The Allgemeine Hochschulreife” commonly referred as “Abitur” or “Fachgebundene Hochschulreife”, or a foreign school-leaving certificate comparable to any of these two.German university entrance qualifications are obtained by successfully completing 12/13 years of schooling of a German secondary school, including passing the secondary school final examination.Abitur can also be taken by sitting the Abitur examination, by non-pupils or employed people of particular intellectual ability.Internationals whose foreign secondary school-leaving certificate isn’t recognized in Germany for academic studies, they’ve to follow a one year preparatory course and sit the examination for recognition. They have to also present their foreign secondary school-leaving certificate, proof of having passed the university entrance examination in their home country (if applicable), proof of having been enrolled in such university (if applicable), evidence of having passed certain modules (if applicable).
  • Admission Exam. Some higher education institutions in Germany, especially arts and sport also require for their applicants to sit an admission examination, for examination of their understanding and aptitudes in the core subjects of the study field.
  • German language command (for international students only). Most of the German higher education institutions, especially those with German-study program, require from their international applicants to have a good knowledge of the German language.Proof of German language can be provided also during studies by any of the following ways:
    • German Language Diploma of the Standing Conference – Level II (Deutsches Sprachdiplom der Kultusministerkonferenz – Zweite Stufe – DSD II).
    • German Language Proficiency Examination for Admission to Higher Education for Foreign Applicants (Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang ausländischer Studienbewerber – DSH).
    • Test of German as a Foreign Language for foreign applicants (Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache für ausländischer Studienbewerber – Test DAF)
    • German language examination as part of the Feststellungsprüfung (assessment test) at a Studienkolleg.
  • Certificate of the Akademische Prüfstelle (for international students only). Foreign students who’ve completed an Akademische Prüfstelle (APS) in their country (if applicable).
  • Alternative proofs for refugee students. Refugee students unable to get their foreign university entrance qualification in their home country are allowed to provide alternative documentation for university admission. One of the ways is to sit an entrance examination. Or, a German language assessment test and probably enroll in Studienkolleg before taking the assessment test for recognition.

To apply in a German college of art and music applicants have to submit both:

  • Higher education entrance qualification.
  • Artistic aptitude.

At times applicants may be admitted without a higher education entrance qualification following the evidence for possessing a special artistic or musical talent.

To apply in a German University of Applied Sciences applicants have to submit both:

  • Higher education entrance qualification/Fachhochschulreife.
  • Artistic aptitude (I.e. for design study program).

To apply in a German Berufsakademien, applicants have to submit any of the following:

  • Higher education entrance qualification.
  • Fachhochschulreife and entrance examination.

To apply in a German Fachschulen, applicants have to submit any of the following:

  • Fachhochschulreife (for a recognized profession which needs a prior training).
  • Proof of minimum 1-year work experience in the profession.
  • Qualification from the Berufsschule.


  • Qualification from the Berufsschule/equivalent qualification.
  • Proof of minimum 5-year work experience in the profession.

Or for social professions:

  • Mittlerer Schulabschluss.
  • Proof of relevant education and training.

Admission requirements for the German Master Degree:

  • Bachelor degree related to the master studies.
  • Entrance examination (for Master studies in art field).
  • Special aptitude (for Master studies in art field).
  • Proof of minimum 1-year work experience

Admission requirements for the German PhD Degree:

  • Master’s degree. Issued by universities/equivalent institutions or universities of applied sciences, or other institution (if the applicant is well-qualified).
  • Bachelor’s degree (in some special occasions). This applies if the applicant is well-qualified, and examination to evaluate their aptitudes “Promotionseignungsprüfung” has to take place. Sometimes even a preparatory course.
  • Evidence of having passed the first state examination “Erste Staatsprüfung”.

German Higher Education Study Courses with Nationwide Quotas

For some German higher education study courses there are quotas, if the number of applications exceeds the number of the offered study places. In such case the Foundation for Higher Education Admission “Stiftung für Hochschulzulassung” (SfH) and the respective institution together admit and disregard applicants based on a central allocation procedure.

The selection of the students in such case is based on:

  • Relevance and the average grade of their earlier qualification with the study course they’ve applied for (20%).
  • Awaiting period between taking the university entrance qualification and applying for academic studies (20%).
  • Selection procedure from the higher education provider where they’ve applied (60%).

German Higher Education Study Courses with Local Restrictions on Admissions

For some other German higher education study courses exists a locally limited number of students for admission. This limitation is usually run by the higher education institution itself or by the SfH.

SfH possesses a joint database that easily compares student applications. If the student has been accepted in another higher education institution, the database frees a study place that can be given to another student.

German Higher Education Study Courses Without Restrictions on the Number of Applicants

For some other German higher education study courses there’s no limit set on the number of students to be admitted. As such, all the applicants who can comply with the admission criteria can enroll in studies free from any pre-selection process.

These institutions, sometimes, may issue a prior notification period, to an accepted student.

What Is Considered Adult Education and Lifelong Learning in Germany?

Continuing education in Germany is the education that is aimed at responding ever-changing demands of the labour market.

This education type is provided by municipal and private institutions, churches, trade unions, chambers of industry and commerce, associations, political parties, businesses, public authorities, academies, family education centers, vocational schools, Fachschulen, radio, television and other institutions.


In Germany, you can find numerous courses, degree programmes, and some of the highest-ranked universities in the world. Almost 400,000 international students are currently pursuing their degree in Germany, making this country one of the top choices for international students.

For those who are interested in pursuing a degree in Germany, we have compiled a list of requirements you will be expected to fulfil, so take a look at them below.

Here are the requirements for studying in Germany:

1. Study Programme

Although not a requirement as much as an essential step to studying in Germany, finding a course you like will get you started on all the upcoming requirements. If you have set your mind to pursue your qualification in this picturesque Western European country, it is important you gather as much information as possible regarding the requirements and university admission criteria in Germany.

If you have not yet chosen a course of your liking, then you can go through the DAAD database of international student programmes in Germany, and search for options of your preference.

2. University Admission Requirements

Once you find the study programme you’re interested in, you begin worrying about the admission criteria. Before anything else, you will have to meet the criteria set by the university in order to gain admission to that particular programme.

To be admitted to a German university, your qualifications must be recognized by the university you have chosen. What this means is that you need to have a recognized ‘higher education entrance qualification’, also known as Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB) or Abitur.

(Learn more about Abitur here). If your school-leaving certificate is not recognized in Germany, you will be required to attend a one-year preparatory course known as Studienkolleg.

Some universities also require an aptitude test, known as TestAS, which is a test specifically designed for international students from non-EU countries.

Language requirements are also among the university admission criteria. If your degree programme is entirely in German, then you will be required to provide proof of German language proficiency such as Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang (DSH) or TestDaF.

Alternatively, if your course is taught in English and you are not a native English speaker, you will be required to provide IELTS or TOEFL scores.

3. University Application Documents

Although each university has its own specific admission requirements, some documents are usually expected in order to submit an application.

The documents you typically need are:

  • A duly completed application form.
  • Certified copy of high school diploma.
  • Relevant recognized academic certificates.
  • Translated overview of your modules and grades.
  • Copy of your passport and a passport photo.
  • Proof of language proficiency.

4. Financial Means

If you are a citizen of the countries who need a student visa to study in Germany, then you will be required to provide proof of financial means when you apply for your visa. As of 2021, an international student needs €10,332 per year to cover their expenses during their time in Germany. The best way to provide proof of financial resources at the German Embassy is through a blocked account.

Learn more about opening a blocked account at Fintiba.

5. Health Insurance

Health insurance is also important if you want to study in Germany. International students must be insured in the healthcare system while they are in Germany. If you are a resident of one of the EU/EEA members states, then you will likely be able to use your health insurance from back home. However, you will need to obtain a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).

On the other hand, if you are not a resident of EU/EEA member states, then you will need to provide proof of health insurance for your student visa application as well as university enrolment. You will be expected to pay a monthly amount to the public or private (if you’re over 29) health insurance providers.

Learn more about student health insurance in Germany

6. Student Visa

If you come from a country who needs a student visa to enter Germany, then you will have to properly apply for one at the German Embassy/Consulate in your home country. You will have to gather the necessary documents, attend an interview at the embassy, and wait for the response. The student visa processing time is typically two weeks under normal circumstances.

Learn more about getting you Germany student visa.

7. Accommodation

There are many accommodation options to choose from as an international student in Germany. You can choose between German halls of residence, private apartments, as well as shared flats. However, it is important to keep in mind that rent in Germany

 doesn’t come cheap and it will most likely be your biggest financial challenge during your time in Germany. However, once you find a place to live in, make sure to register your address at the registration office in Germany.

Learn more about accommodation in Germany for international students.

8. University Enrolment

University enrolment comes after being admitted to a German higher education institution. This means that after you get admitted, you should submit a number of documents at the Office of Student Affairs and get your courses registered so you’ll be able to attend lectures, exercises, and examinations.

Learn more about what enrolling at a German university means.

List of Universities in Germany

There are over 380 officially recognized universities throughout Germany, and they offer a total of over 17,000 study programmes.

Below you will find a list of web addresses for some well known universities!

GISMA Business School
Berlin School of Business and Innovation
IU International University of Applied Sciences
University of Applied Sciences Europe
Arden University Berlin
Technische Universität München
Freie Universität Berlin
Berlin International University of Applied Sciences
Jacobs University
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Berufsakademie Ravensburg
Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft Ludwigshafen
Dortmund University
Dresden Technical University
Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald
IUBH Fernstudium
Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
Fachhochschule Fulda
Fachhochschule Karlsruhe
Fachhochschule Reutlingen, Hochschule fär Technik und Wirtschaft
  • If you are interested to find out best Universities for specific field of studies then see below:
    • Parental income
    • Personal savings
    • Working part-time
    • Scholarships
    • Student loansPersonal savingsEven if your personal savings may not cover the total cost of studying in Germany, with a little bit of effort you can accumulate the minimum required amount of money to provide proof of financial resources, so you can get your German student visa and residence permit.Since this amount cannot be earned overnight it’s highly recommended you start saving earlier. For most international students Germany has been for a long time an option for seeking a university degree and those who knew what it expects them away from home started saving money from the day they made up their mind to come and study in Germany. Regardless, you must get used to saving money because you’ll have to do it often in Germany. In the end, this is what all students do.With that said, no matter at what stage you are, whether you have only thought of attending a German university in the future or you’re currently applying for a student visa, it’s good to start saving money.You need to put your savings in a German blocked account before you apply for a student visa.Parental incomeIf your parents earn enough to finance your studies in Germany, you can use it as proof of financial resources to get your student visa. For this purpose, the German embassy will require you a bank statement to prove this money belong to your parents and therefore you’ll be able to cover studying and living costs in Germany.Also, if your parents’ earnings are higher they can cover your spendings for the whole duration of the course. This is a great opportunity for you to fully commit yourself to classes and not worry about your finances.It’s very common in some families that parents create a personal saving fund for their children so they will be able to afford their education. When it comes to studying abroad in Germany many international students use this money as proof of financial resources.In the end, if your savings won’t equate to the minimum amount of money required to apply for a student visa, they will alleviate other costs that studying in Germany burdens you.Working Part-time in GermanyThe majority of international students in Germany work part-time to cover their living expenses. Germany is a sea of opportunities when it comes to a student job opportunities and most of them don’t require a higher level of expertise in a particular professional field in the first place. It’s not surprising that over 60% of international students in Germany work part-time.Under current legal regulations, international students in Germany are allowed to work up to 120 days of the year.If you aim to work longer than that, you need to take specific permission. Two organizations that issue these permissions are the local employment agency (Agentur fur Arbeit) and the foreigners’ registration office (Ausländerbehörde).However, don’t expect to rely only on your part-time job earnings. Usually, they are not sufficient for covering all expenses as you will need to have other funds. But it still alleviates a huge financial burden from your budget. After all, that’s what most students in Germany do.If you don’t know how to look for a job we suggest you contact the student service within the university you’re attending or contact the Federal Employment Agency in the local area. They will probably find something that matches what you’re looking for.ExemptionsYou can work full-time during the regular university breaks. You can also work for more hours if you’re job is considered mandatory work under certain regulations.What jobs can I seek as an international student?There are many part-time jobs you can seek in Germany. However, we recommend you find a job related to your study field. Not only will it help you cover your living expenses, but it will also add credits to your studies.For example, if you’re a chemistry student, you can work as a staff member at the university lab.Universities in Germany offer a wide spectrum of part-time jobs for their students. But, if you can’t manage to find one within the campus, there are probably many other part-time jobs outside of your campus that you can apply for.If there’s not a single job that comes to your mind, here are some ideas of what you can work as while studying in Germany:
    • Tutor
    • Academic assistant
    • Administrative Staff at Student Services
    • A staff member at the university’s history museum
    • Newspaper distributor
    • Waiter
    • Bartender
    • BabysitterImportant notesThe amount of money you will earn while working part-time in Germany depends on the type of job and your professional skills. Note that if your earnings exceed a fixed limit you’ll be entitled as a regular taxpayer.Therefore, if you earn above 450 € per month you have to pay taxes. In other words,  financing your studies in Germany entirely from your part-time job is impossible. At least with the current legal regulations.Student loans in GermanyAnother way of financing your studies in Germany is by getting student loans. Lucky for you, international students enjoy numerous benefits and one of these benefits is access to student loan schemes.There are various governmental-funded and non-governmental funded student loan resources, created to help you finance your studies in Germany by offering loans often with zero or very low rates of interest. Moreover, many German universities have established their own student loan schemes to support foreign students.Public student loan schemes mostly charge no interest rate, while non-government resources may apply a low rate of interests. Apart from the interest, there may be other limitations, mostly having to do with the time limit within which you’re obligated to pay the money back and the amount of money you can borrow.Note that you can’t rely only on student loans since the amount you can get from a loan scheme is limited and not enough to cover all expenses. As such, a student loan can only come as a complementary fund to your financial resources for financing studies in Germany.Before looking out for an organization that can grant you a student loan, it is highly recommended you check if your chosen university donates student loans to foreign scholars. Below are some resources where you can seek a student loan to finance your studies in Germany.BAföG – is an abbreviation for the Federal Education and Training Assistance Act. Their mission is to give opportunities to talented students to attend education despite the lack of proper financial means to achieve this. Their funds are rather grants or free-interest loan. From its foundation in 1971, over four million people have benefited from their services.Bildungskredit – is another fund that is granted by the German Government in association with a private banking group. In contrast to BAföG, the Bildungskredit is awarded to individuals who are at higher stages of their education and need a loan to carry on. Furthermore, this type of student loan carries a low interest rate and is not a need-based platform, hence everyone has access to it.Bank loan systems – In addition to governmental-funded student loans, in Germany there are a large number of banks that have established their own student loan schemes with attractive rates of interest to help incoming foreigners to finance their stay in Germany. The Deutsche Bank, Raiffeisenbanken, Sparkasse, HypoVereinsbank are some of the banks that offer student loans to international students.ScholarshipsScholarships are another great opportunity to finance your studies in Germany. As a country that welcomes a large number of international students, there are many scholarships offered to talented and skilled students.Though it’s hard to rely only on scholarships, they will certainly add a great amount of money to your budget to cover your living expenses while studying in Germany. And since there’s a wide variety of them it is highly suggested you seek to get one.Scholarship resources in GermanyThe DeutschlandstipendiumPublic-private ownership that aims to support excellent students not just financially but with a bunch of other benefits alongside.  Private companies and organization that participate in this scheme contribute to 150€ per month per student. In addition to this, the German contributes to 150€ per month per student, so if you win this scholarship you’ll get 300€ each month.This funding is mainly offered for two semesters, but it can also be granted for the whole duration of your studies. While funds for these scholarships are granted from the government and private partners, universities are responsible to award them to their students. As such, universities are allowed to set requirements individually.DAAD ScholarshipsThe DAAD is a large organization, whose mission is to promote the internalization of German universities by creating countless funding and counselling opportunities for inbound and outbound talented students in Germany. Since they came into existence in 1925, millions of foreign students have benefited from DAAD services. In 2016, more than 131,000 German and foreign scholars funded their education with the help of DAAD grants. Today they have a rich list of available scholarships for international students.Erasmus +The biggest European student exchanging scheme offers some attractive opportunities to study in German for a limited number of semesters or for the whole course. German universities participate in a large number of Erasmus exchanging projects and you can use this route to finance your studies in Germany. Note that some funds may not directly be granted to you, but you will have covered everything while living in Germany.Privately-funded scholarshipsThere are many private foundations that grant scholarship to talented and skilled foreign students attending a university in Germany. Often these scholarships are awarded to honour a highly-respected German personality and aside from ensuring you the funds to finance your studies in Germany, they aim to create bridges of intercultural relations.Here are some private organization that award scholarship to international students
    • Max Plank Society Research
    • Heinrich Boll Foundation Scholarship
    • DKFZ International PhD ProgramAdditionally, many universities share a lot of scholarships to international students to help them and boost their attractiveness.
  • Germany Student Visa – Checklist, Requirements, Application, Fees & Processing Time
  • The numbers of foreign people choosing Germany for their abroad studies are increasingly growing each year. Most international students will likely need to get a German student visa at a German consulate in their country before they can come to Germany to study.
  • Depending on the country you come from, you might be exempt from needing a visa to study in Germany, but you are still required to obtain a residence permit for studies lasting more than 90 days, once you arrive in Germany.Do You Need a Visa To Study In Germany?
    • For studies that last up to 3 months, you need a Schengen visa.
    • For studies that last more than 3 months, you need a German national visaIf you enter Germany with a national visa you have to extend your stay by getting a German residence permit for studies at the Foreigner’s Office. You should do this while your entry visa is still valid.The first thing you’ve got to do is to find out if you need a visa to study in Germany as an international student, and if you do, what type of visa you need to apply for considering the length and nature of your planned studies.
  • Types of Germany Study VisasYou may be issued a German visa for studies for a range of study levels and degrees. This includes undergraduate, exchange, graduate, or postgraduate studies. This also covers participation in a pre-academic measure or in a non-academic German language course.
  • There are three types of German student visas you can apply for:
    • German Student Visa. This is the standard student visa for international students who have been admitted to a German university and are ready to start their studies at a full-time university program.
    • German Student Applicant Visa. You need this visa if you need to be in Germany to apply for university admission in person. This visa doesn’t allow you to study in Germany, it’s only valid for the university application process.
    • German Language Course Visa. You need this type of visa to study for a German language course in Germany.German Student Visa RequirementsThe most important requirements during your Germany student visa process are:
    • Visa Application Documents.
      • Duly filled out and signed national visa application form.
      • Your valid national passport.
      • Two photocopies of your passport.
      • Your certificate of birth.
      • Your marriage certificate. (If applicable).
      • Your child’s certificate of birth. (If applicable).
      • Your recent passport-style photographs. (Up to 3).
      • Photocopies of previous German residence titles. (If applicable).
    • Proof of Financial Resources “Finanzierungsnachweis”.  (One of the following)
      • €10,332 deposit confirmation at a German blocked bank account.
      • Letter of commitment and evidence of your parent’s income records and financial assets.
      • Letter of commitment by a German resident “Verpflichtungserklärung”. This letter is taken at the Alien’s Registration Office, by the German resident whose going to cover your costs during your studies.
      • Scholarship awarding certificate. It must show the amount of costs it covers.
      • Bank guarantee. Issued to you by a recognized German bank.
    • Proof of University Admission.
      • Confirmation of admission in studies “Zulassungsbescheid”. Issued by a recognized higher education provider in Germany, showing when you’re starting your studies and the language of teaching.
      • Proof of conditional admission “Bedingter Zulassungsbescheid” and a confirmed intensive course “Intensiv-Sprachkurs”. The letter must show you’re conditioned and confirmed to participate in an intensive language course before getting the final university admission. The course must last more than 6 months, with not less than 18 hours of lessons in a week.
        • Proof of conditional university admission.
          • Letter from “uni-assist”.
          • Confirmation of admission as an applicant.
          • Communication with the university, regarding conditions for final admission.
        • Proof of having paid for the language course. Accompanied by a confirmed place in the course. The payment must cover at least 3 first months.
      • Confirmation of admission in a university preparatory course “Studienkolleg”.
        • Proof of conditional university admission.
          • Letter from “uni-assist”.
          • Confirmation of admission as an applicant.
          • Communication with the university, regarding conditions for final admission.
        • Proof of having been confirmed as a participant in the course.
    • Evidence of your earlier education.
      • Original school-leaving certificate.
      • Degree certificate. (If you’re entering Master or PhD studies).
    • Student Health Insurance.
    • University entrance qualification.
    • Certificate of German or English Language Proficiency.How to Apply For A German Student Visa?The German student visa application process can be a confusing process for many international students. The procedures are different from country to country, but you can have a general overview of the main steps you need to go through below.Here are the steps to apply for a German Student Visa:
    1. Locate The Closest German Embassy or Consulate. You can use Google to search for an embassy or a consulate near you, in your country (or another country close to you) to get more information about the requirements and setting up a visa appointment. All official German missions in other countries have an official website online, along with their physical address and contact information.
    2. Review The Requirements and Procedures. Once you find the German embassy website, you go to the student visa sections to review all the specific requirements for your country and the procedures to set up a visa appointment. Make sure you carefully review all the information provided (especially the documents you need to have) before you set up a visa appointment.
    3. Set Up A Visa Appointment. When you’re ready, you should set up a visa appointment by following the steps described on the official website of the German embassy in your country. In some countries, you should apply for your visa appointment a few weeks ahead of time as that particular embassy could have many visa applications and they could take a longer time to get to you. Timing is very important, sometimes all student visa interview slots can be taken, so make sure you act fast.
    4. Have All Of The Visa Application Documents Ready. Once you have you your visa appointment date confirmed, you should double-check all of your documents to make sure you have everything together. You can do this yourself and you don’t need to pay any outside consultants or agencies to apply for you.
    5. Prepare For Your Visa Interview. You should pay the visa application fee (€60.00 – €75.00) and have the payment confirmation with you at the time of your visa interview. This fee is non-refundable if your visa is rejected. You need to verify the exchange rate of your country’s currency and pay the exact amount. You should prepare yourself in advance for your interview. Here are some of the most common student visa interview questions and answers. After the interview is done, you will get the official answer whether your visa has been approved or rejected.When To Apply For a German Student VisaThe best time to apply for a German student visa is immediately after receiving the university letter of admission and securing the necessary funds to live and study in Germany.This is one of the most important requirements and if you haven’t been awarded an official scholarship, you need to provide proof of financial resources through other means such as having the funds deposited in a German blocked account.How much bank balance is required for a German study visa?As of 2021, the amount you need in your blocked bank account before applying for a German student visa is €10,332.Germany Student Visa Processing TimeOn average, it takes up to 25 days for your German student visa application to be processed. The processing time varies depending on the country and the German embassy you apply to.All other German visa applications for studies are normally processed within 3 months.German Student Applicant VisaGerman student applicant visa is the visa to apply for if you are planning to go to Germany to apply for university admission in person.This visa is initially issued for three months but can be extended for another six months upon your arrival in Germany if necessary.If in six months you receive the awaited letter of admission in a full-time university study program or a university preparatory measure you’ll be able to switch to a German student visa or a residence permit for studying.How To Get Your Student Residence Permit in Germany1. Find your permanent house. In the first week of your arrival in Germany with a visa for studies, you’ve to find permanent accommodation.2. Register at the Resident’s Office. Immediately after this, you’ve to register such a living address at the local Resident’s Office. Upon registration, you’ll be receiving the confirmation on registration “Meldebescheinigung”.Required documents to register in Germany as an international student are:
    • Your valid national passport or national ID card. It must show you have a valid visa if you’re a visa-regime citizen.
    • Rental contract.
    • Letter confirming your living address. Issued by your landlord of the place you’ve rented.3. Enroll in studies. You have to officially enrol at the university to be able to participate in studies and get access to university resources. This has to be done within the enrollment period, within the deadline announced to you in the letter of admission.This process known as matriculation is completed by submitting a list of documents at the student’s affairs office “Studentensekretariat” of the university where you’ll be studying. Additionally, you’ll have to pay a semester fee before getting the ID and password and lastly the ID card as a student.Required documents to enrol in university studies in Germany as an international student are:
    • National Passport/national ID Card. It must show you have a valid entry visa for studies if you’re a citizen who qualifies for a visa to enter.
    • Confirmation of admission in studies.
    • German University Entrance Qualification. Or, equally recognized qualification, permitting you to start university studies in Germany.
    • Recent passport-sized photographs.
    • Student Health Insurance.Note: The international office “Akademisches Auslandsamt” of your university is the key address where you may get a range of information about your studies and residence requirements4. Apply for a residence permit for studies. As you’ve been registered in studies you’ve to get your visa extension by applying for a residence permit for studies as the local Foreigner’s Authority “Einwohnermeldeamt”.Required documents to apply for a residence permit for studies in Germany:
    • Duly completed application form for a residence permit. The original name ‘Antrag auf Erteilung eines Aufenthaltstitels’.
    • Your national passport/national ID card. It has to show you have a valid entry visa if you’ve entered with a visa.
    • Documents showing your permanent address in Germany.
    • Confirmation of registration.
    • Rental contract.
    • Letter from landlord confirming your permanent address.
    • Recent passport-type photographs.
    • Proof of financial subsistence. (Send the same evidence you’ve provided when applied for the visa).
    • Proof of being admitted in studies. (e.g. certificate of enrollment, confirmation of admission, or evidence of conditional admission in studies.)
    • Money to pay the application fee. The cost of applying is 56-100 euros for first-time applications, 49-96 euros for an extension of the residence permit. For Turkish students, it’s 28.8 euros.German Student Visa FAQWhat activities can I get a German student visa for?
    • Non-academic language course studies. A course lasting 3 – 12 months, with at least 18 hours of lessons in a week. The course must not be aimed to prepare you for further academic studies.
    • Pre-academic measures. A course lasting more than 3 months, aimed to prepare you for full-time academic studies.
    • Pre-academic German language courses. Participation in a preparatory course before sitting any of these recognized tests before studies must be a university prerequisite before your final admission in studies.
    • Preparatory foundation course ‘Studienkolleg’ studies. The course has to prepare you for the qualification test ‘Feststellungsprüfung’. Bypassing this test you must expect to obtain a recognized university entrance qualification ‘Hochschulzugangsberechtigung’. (This applies if your foreign high-school leaving certificate is not recognized in Germany).
    • Propaedeutic course studies. These courses must offer language and academic skills and specific knowledge regarding Germany’s education system and methodology. They must be held by the education provider you’ll be studying at.
    • Partaking in a mandatory preliminary internship. Participation in an internship must be a precondition for admission in the study program, i.e. at the University of Applied Sciences.
    • University degree awarding studies. You must have received the confirmation for admission in studies from a recognized higher education provider here. This is relevant for studies leading to a recognized higher education degree, such as Bachelor (BA, BSc, BSEng), Master (MA, MSc, MEng), or PhD.What’s a university admission confirmation letter?A university admission confirmation letter is a written confirmation that verifies that you’ve been accepted as a student. The confirmation letter usually contains the following information:
    • Details of the education provider. The one you’ve been admitted to study.
    • Acceptance reply card. You’ll be required to confirm you accept the offered place for studying. This is done by replying to the university admission office with a signed card.
    • Enrollment deadline. Dates within you should register as a student.
    • Exam dates. When the German language test or university preparatory entrance examination will be held. (If conditionally admitted).
    • Details about the orientation day. A day when new students are informed about the university’s premises and activities.What’s the university conditional admission confirmation letter?It’s a decision taken by the university admission office after you apply, but that conditions you to complete a few more requirements before you become a student of that university officially.This may usually include participation in preparatory measures and/or passing specific pre-academic tests.What’s the University Entrance Qualification (HZB)?Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB) is one of the key documents you need to apply for admission at a German higher education provider. It confirms the equivalence of your foreign education certificate with the German Abitur.If your earlier education doesn’t qualify as equal to a HZB, you’ll have to undertake a test for recognition. This is relevant only if you also meet other university admission requirements.Which language proficiency certificates are valid for studying in Germany?The recognized German language certificates for studying at a German university are any of the following:
    • TestDaF level IV. For having passed the TestDaF, Test of German as a Foreign Language for Foreign Students in all sections.
    • DSH Certificate II or III. For having passed the DSH test, the German Language Test for Admission of Foreign Student Applicants.
    • Assessment test at the end of institutional preparatory classes.
    • DSD Certificate of level II. Language diploma of the permanent conference of ministers for education and culture affairs, level II.
    • Goethe Certificate C2. For having passed the Goethe Test of level C2.
    • Telc Deutch C1 or B2 Hochschule Certificate. For having passed the Telc C1 or B2 Hochschule tests.To prove the proficiency of the English language, send any of the following certifications below:
    • Official Score Report of TOEFL Test. The required scores: IbT-88, Pbt-66.
    • Official Score Report of IELTS Test. Sent directly or to you by the British Council. The required group score in the IELTS Academic must be 6.5+.
    • Cambridge Advanced English Certificate A, B, or C. Together with Cambridge Proficiency English Certificate A, B, or C.
    • Alternative forms are exceptionally accepted.Keep in mind that certain universities can have their own language proficiency requirements and not all language test and scores are accepted.What are the transcripts of grades from earlier studies?It’s the official document that your university/other HEI where you’ve previously studied at issues, showing all grades received during studies. It has to be signed and sealed.What’s an accreditation certificate?It’s a document issued by the relevant national ministry of education or similar national authority for recognition of an education provider or/and study program. By having this document you can confirm that your qualification is received by a state-approved provider.What’s the notarization of documents?Notarization (also known as authentication) means that photocopies of your original documents must hold the official seal and authentic signature of the relevant authority.The rule is irrelevant for signatures, certifications, and verifications provided in digital form.What does the equivalence to a bachelor/master degree in Germany mean?If you want to start master studies in Germany after previously studying completing i.e. Bachelor degree studies outside the Bologna process, you must confirm the equivalence of these studies with Bachelor studies in Germany. You must get this document from the provider of such an earlier academic degree.What’s a curriculum for studying in Germany?The curriculum for studying in Germany is a document with all understanding and skills obtained in your previous studies are listed. However, such potentials must have relation to the requirements for the specific university program you’re applying to.The curriculum must be accompanied by a catalogue of relevant study modules, where a detailed description of a degree program, department, division and university is offered.What’s the information to include in the curriculum vitae?When a CV is required you must include information about your earlier formal and informal education, internships, employment activity, national services in chronological order.It must also cover information about your skills and other special talents. The formal education must include information about schools and universities where you’ve studied, study subject and graduation dates.
  • Cost of Living in Germany
  • The cost of living in Germany is quite reasonable compared to other European countries. You will need around 861 euros a month to cover your living expenses in Germany as of 2021.On average, to cover your living expenses in Germany you will need around 861 euros per month (around $1,002 US dollars) or 10,332 euros per year (around $12,024 US dollars).The prices for food, accommodation, bills, clothes, and entertainment are basically in line with the EU average. Your monthly rent is your largest expense in Germany.
  • If you’re planning to study and live as an international student in Germany, it’s good to know and have accurate expectations about the cost of living in Germany. This article covers all the details you need to know.Are you a student who just received an admission letter from a university abroad and now you’re floating above the clouds from the excitement of getting to know what the future is holding for you?But, the next moment you start thinking of how hard it will be to deal with all the responsibilities and challenges studying abroad causes. Abroad in Germany, you won’t only devote yourself to keeping track with your studies and your university grades, but you’ll also have to tackle many other issues while you’re living there, most of the time you will deal with these problems alone.Having a better understanding of what awaits you across the border and how you can overcome the problems this whole study-abroad experience prior to your departure is to a certain degree decisive of your success.Sounds a bit scary, right? Well, there’s absolutely no reason for your excitement to diminish. The only problem you’re having at this point is the lack of proper information to help you know what to expect while you’re living in Germany. This is what we will examine in details through this article, more specifically the cost of living in Germany.University Tuition FeesEven though some German universities have reintroduced tuition fees for international students, the majority of them carry free-tuition higher education. The only university payment you need to take care of as an international student in Germany is a so-called semester contribution. A fixed amount of money you pay for specific university services like bus traveling, administrative assistance, sports facilities, dining halls and such.Although the tuition-free education in Germany alleviates a great financial burden for you, there remains the cost of living. Germany is not an expensive country to live in as a student, but if you make the effort to planning where you’re going to live and managing your expenses well, will amount to large savings.Overall, the total cost of living in Germany depends on factors like the location where you’re settled in and what type of lifestyle you make. In industrial big cities rent, food, and clothes are more expensive. In contrast, in less-populated areas, you can expect cheaper prices for some products and services.Choosing the ideal place to live in can save you a lot of money. Furthermore, by cutting down some extra expenses you may have had at home like regular night-outs will help for additional savings. The information below will definitely help you make exact calculations of how the cost of living in Germany and in return you’ll be able to know how to reduce it at maximum.The triangle of the three most important issues for you as an international student are normally housing, food and traveling. Once you get confident in handling these three challenges, other problems are going to be easier to take care of.The German authorities require international students to prove they have enough financial resources to study in Germany.Learn more about the German Blocked AccountWhich region has the highest cost of living in Germany?In general, the south of Germany is the most expensive area to live in Germany. Two of the largest cities in this part of the country, Munich and Stuttgart, are some of the most expensive cities to live in.For example, renting a one-bedroom apartment in Stuttgart costs 846.43€ on average, while a similar apartment in the northern German city, Bremen, costs 560 € on average.In percentage terms, this means that renting an apartment in Bremen is cheaper than in Stuttgart by over 30%.germany buying power mapThe capital Berlin is not that expensive compared to most European capital cities or some of the biggest German cities. The highest expenditure you’re about to have in Berlin is housing rent. A small apartment in Berlin with one bedroom costs on average 795€ on average.Other cities around Berlin in the east of Germany are mainly cheaper than their counterparts in the South. Leipzig is one of the most affordable cities to live in Germany.Renting in Leipzig is cheaper than in Stuttgart by over 40%, in Dusseldorf cheaper by 20% than in Stuttgart, whereas prices in Stuttgart and in the biggest city in the North, Hamburg are pretty similar.To try put them in order from the most expensive to the cheapest zone, let’s take the most expensive cities in each of them and compare some important pricesMunichBerlinHamburgFrankfurtRent1,094.30€ -1795.90€ – 4838.94€ – 3868.91€ – 2White bread (500g)1.43€ -11.27€-31.27€ -31.29€ – 2Restaurant meal12.25€ – 18.00€ – 410€ – 312€ – 2Milk (1liter)0.84€ – 10.79€ – 20.71€ – 40.77€ – 3Eggs (12)1.71€ – 31.77€ – 21.78€ – 11.61€ – 4Rice (1kg, white)2.14€ – 21.79€- 42.15€ – 11.97€ – 3Tomato (1kg)2.82€ – 12.62€ – 32.61€ – 42.64€ – 2Potato (1kg)1.00€ – 41.32€ – 11.04€ – 31.29€ – 2Beer (0.5liter)3.80€ – 33.50€ – 44.00€ – 14.00€ – 1Taxi 1km1.90€ -42.00€ – 12.00€ – 12.00€ – 1 As we can see in the table above, the south of Germany is the most expensive area to live in Germany while the east is the cheapest area in the country. Putting them in order from the most expensive to the cheapest the list would look like this:
    1. South
    2. West
    3. North
    4. EastSince Germany offers a wide range of prices in different areas let’s try to look to what extent those prices compare from some of the most expensive cities to some of the cheapest.To do this, we can compare two cities, each representing one side. For example, Darmstad would perfectly represent the list of the most expensive cities in Germany, while its opposite would be Frankfurt (Oder).Frankfurt (Oder) is a small town in the east of Germany, near the border with Poland. The cost of living in this place is really reasonable. For instance, if you look for a one-bedroom apartment in Frankfurt (Oder) with a bit of luck you can find one at the center of the city with a monthly rent of only €250.On the other side, in Darmstadt, if you’re willing to live in an apartment at the city center, then the rent can peak at €850 per month, which for many students is out of their budget and normally unaffordable.Let’s look at the table below and see how large is the difference in the cost of living in these two German cities: Items & Services                 Average cost of items or services in each cityDarmstadtFrankfurt (Oder)Rent707.50€ / month333.33€ / monthRestaurant meal14 €8.00€White bread (500g)1.25€0.62€Water (1.5liter)0.28€0.43€Milk (1 liter)0.71€0.75€Eggs (12)1.63€1.10€Cheese (1kg)7.10€4.63€Potato (1kg)1.02€1.50€Tomato (1kg)2.79€1.40€Onion (1kg)0.96€0.80€Beef (1kg)12.24€6.50€Beer (0.5 liter)0.53€0.60€Utilities193.36€ / month466.67€ / monthInternet (60 Mbps)30.00€ / month20.00€ / monthOne-way ticket (Public transport)2.40€1.65€ As you can see for most products the prices in Frankfurt (Oder) are lower than those in Darmstadt. To summarize it:
    • Monthly rent prices in Darmstadt are 35% higher than in Frankfurt (Oder)
    • Grocery prices in Darmstadt are 32% higher than in Frankfurt (Oder)
    • Restaurant prices in Darmstadt are 32% higher than in Frankfurt (Oder)Average Rent in GermanyThe first and the biggest concern for every student in Germany is finding a suitable place to rent. Labeling a particular city as an expensive place to live in is done mostly because of the rent costs because that’s the largest expense you will have in Germany.As you can normally expect, downtown area rents are higher and thinking of handling it all alone is practically impossible with a student budget. For this, we suggest you find someone with whom you can share the apartment and hence the renting cost. Many students, of course, find roommates.Big cities like Munich, Hamburg, Cologne and Frankfurt are mainly more expensive than other cities are, like Leipzig or Karlsruhe. Depending on where you’re aiming to find an apartment and what conditions you’re looking to have prices range at a wide scale.If you’re thinking of a one-bedroom apartment at the center of the city, the monthly rent is less than €700. On the other hand, the same apartment with one bedroom, in peripheral areas will cost you around €500 per month. If you’re looking for a perfectly furnished apartment, large and located near the center of the city than the rent per month will range from €1,000 to €1,500.The table below shows the average monthly cost of rent at some German cities, including the biggest ones:CityAverage Monthly RentCityAverage Monthly RentAachen534.65 €Dusseldorf672.22€Augsburg613.57€Frankfurt868.91€Berlin795.90€Hamburg838.94 €Bochum406.67€Hannover591€Bonn653.75€Ingolstadt708.33€Bremen560.00€Leipzig490.80€Cologne727.14€Mainz668.00€Dortmund460.00€Munich1,094.30€Dresden533.33€Paderborn512.50€Essen451.83€Stuttgart846.43€ Important note: The above rental prices are given for a one-bedroom apartment located at the center of the city.How Much Does Food Cost in Germany?If you’re not that good in the kitchen you better start learning how to cook on your own, because eating at German restaurants won’t be a good option if you’re planning to save money. At the moment, a meal for two people at an average restaurant may cost you on average €45.At a smaller restaurant, the price for a meal may vary between 8 to 14 euros. Followed by any casual dessert or any drink the price will surely climb higher. For example, half a liter of German domestic beer costs around 3.50 euros, as opposed to an imported beer which costs 3 euros.If you choose to have a cappuccino instead of a beer you’ll have to pay 2.64 euros. A 0.33-liter bottle of water costs 1.77 euros and a soda costs 2.17 euros.mensa in germanyYou can give yourself the commodity to eat out from time to time, but there are better options if you are concerned about your finances. Universities have usually their own cafeteria and mensa incorporated within the campus, which offer a variety of good foods at a low cost.These dining halls use a flexible membership system which allows the student to charge his MensaCard a certain amount of money he possesses and then use that card to get a meal with a cost normally cheaper than 5 euros.If you take, the courage to learn some basic skills in the kitchen to cook tasty dishes, this is still better for you because you’ll save some additional money for sure. Well, you may not be skilled enough to cook a restaurant-alike meal, but it is totally worthy.  The cost of basic food and drinks in Germany are not that high. Below is the average cost of some of these products:
    • White bread (500g) – 1.24 €
    • Milk (1 liter) – 0.71 €
    • Eggs (12) – 1.64 €
    • Rice (1kg, white) – 2.03 €
    • Potato (1kg) – 1.06 €
    • Onion (1kg) – 1.09 €
    • Tomato (1kg) – 2.62 €
    • Chicken (1kg) – 7.53 €
    • Beef (1kg) –  11.65 €
    • Apples (1kg) – 2.22 €
    • Banana (1kg) – 1.58 €
    • Oranges (1kg) – 2.29 €Transportation Costs in GermanyAs a student, you’ll be moving around all the time. Hurrying to arrive on time for your classes, getting back to your apartment, going to meet a colleague on the other side of the city, going to shop for something, everything can get stressful.Making the prominent selection of what type of transport to use may not only save you time but money a well.As mentioned above, the semester contribution payment will cover your university bus ticket. If for whatever reason you have to take another type of transportation you might appreciate knowing how much it may cost you.By far the best way of moving from a destination to another one is using a bicycle, especially in over-crowded cities during rush hours. Among other traveling options you have surely the public transport is the cheapest.Currently, a one-way ticket on the local public transport costs 2.00 € on average. If you’re a regular traveler on the same line, then you can purchase a monthly ticket which costs 70€ on average.The initial taxi’s cost is averaged at 3.50€, while the kilometer varies between 1.55€ and 2.50€.  If you possess a car you should know that the prize of gasoline ranges from 1.25€ to 1.49€.Average Utilities and Bills CostBesides housing rent, you will need to cover monthly bills for heating, electricity, water, and garbage. Unfortunately, the price of electricity in Germany is quite higher despite a slight decrease introduced in 2018.Currently, in Germany, you will have to pay 29.42 cents for a kilowatt hour (CT/kWh). Given this and the other amenities’ cost on average for an apartment of 85 m2, the total monthly cost is 215.21 €.If you live with roommates, you will, of course, share these expenses. In some cases, these bills are included in your rent, so you don’t have to pay any extras for these utilities.Health Insurance Cost in GermanyOne thing you need to be aware of is that in Germany health insurance is mandatory by law regardless of your residence status or your income. You will have to get a health insurance plan from the very first day you enter the country.In general, there are two main types of health insurance plans in Germany
    • Public health insurance
    • Private health insuranceYou’re free to choose any of the above plans, depending on what you need to be covered and how much you’re willing to pay for.How much can it cost you to be health insured?Primarily, the cost of health insurance depends on the type of insurance plan you choose. The public health insurance, which is mandatory for everyone in Germany, charges lower premiums. The rate of payment you have to pay for your public health insurance plan (the GKV) is regulated by the government. Currently, the monthly premium rate for this plan ranges from 70 to 80 euros per month.If you want to cover more medical needs you must get a private health insurance plan, which normally comes at a higher price. There are no standard premiums throughout private health insurance providers since there many different packages for different individual needs. You can even agree to have a specific monthly premium before the company starts to cover your health.For an exact estimation of how much it will cost you to be health insured in Germany read our guide on health insurance in Germany.Other Expenses You Need To ConsiderOther than the basic needs already mentioned here, there are some other expenses you have to cover while studying and living in Germany. For example, you may need to get yourself a pair of new shoes or buy some new clothes to adjust to the new season.In Germany the quality of clothing is high, but so is the price. A pair of jeans will cost you around 50 and 100 euros, while a pair of shoes (Nike Running shoes for example) will cost you between 60 and 120 euros. For a pair of Business shoes, you will have to pay a higher price ranging between 70 and 150 euros.Reducing costs of living in Germany: Tips for international studentsNaturally, the factor that will determine the most part of the cost of living in Germany is the location where you will be living in Germany. Although is the location of your university which constrains you from selecting the most suitable location to live, there are certainly affordable living places in a large perimeter around the campus of your university where you can settle in.If your university is located in big populated cities like Munich, Hamburg or Frankfurt then, saving money is a harder mission to accomplish than in smaller less populated cities like Karlsruhe and Leipzig. In suburb areas of these cities, you can expect to have lower prices so it’s never a bad idea choosing to live in those places and commute regularly.After all, if you cannot lower the housing expenditure at the limit you would prefer, you can search for people with whom you can share the apartment and therefore the total cost of renting it.  Actually, this is what most of the students do.Don’t worry, in Germany, you have a bunch of options and surely there will be one that will match with what you can afford. However, mapping all those places to sort them out, which are the cheapest and which not is a kind of rocket-science itself.Trying to gather information for each particular city or town to estimate the average cost of living there is time-consuming, nerve-wracking and absolutely fruitless.  This is mainly because the prices of services and items may change at a large scale from place to place within the country.For example, the distance between the capital of the state of Bavaria, Munich and the city of Ingolstadt is less than 100 km, but the prices change largely. For example, a meal for two persons in a restaurant in Munich costs 60€, compared to 45€ in a restaurant in the city of Ingolstadt. The rent is also different. In Ingolstadt, you can find a one-bedroom apartment for slightly more than 600€, while the rent for a similar apartment in Munich is over a thousand euros per month.Big cities like Munich or Frankfurt are much expensive than cities like Leipzig. For example, a meal in an inexpensive restaurant in Munich costs something between 10 to 15 €. In a similar restaurant situated in the city of Leipzig such a meal will cost you between 7 to 12 €.As for the cost of housing rent, the difference gap between these two cities is still larger. The difference gap in the cost of housing in these two cities is still larger.In Munich, the monthly rent payment for a one-bedroom apartment exceeds a thousand euros (1,094€ on average), while for the same apartment in Leipzig you will pay less than the half of that value (490€ on average). If your university is placed in the outside of the city, then you’re lucky enough because in downtown areas housing rent is usually higher.
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